Muhammad Sarwar - Sura: 18. Al-Kahf - The Cave

  1. Praise be to God. He has sent the Book to His servant and has made it a flawless guide (for human beings)

  2. so that he could warn them of His stern retribution, give the glad news of the best and everlasting reward to the righteously striving believers,

  3. wherein they shall remain forever,

  4. and admonish those who say that God has begotten a son.

  5. Neither they nor their fathers had any knowledge of such utterance (that God has begotten a son). Whatever they say about (this matter) is vicious blasphemy and plain lies.

  6. Perhaps you will destroy yourself out of grief because they disbelieve this Book.

  7. We have caused earthly things to seem attractive so that We can see who will excel in good deeds.

  8. Let it be known that We will turn all things on earth into dust.

  9. Do you not think that the story of the Companions of the Cave and the Inscription was one of Our marvelous miracles?

  10. When the youth sought refuge in the cave they prayed "Lord, grant us mercy and help us to get out of this trouble in a righteous way".

  11. We sealed their ears in the cave for a number of years.

  12. Then We roused them to find out which of the party had the correct account of the duration of their sleep in the cave.

  13. We tell you this story for a genuine purpose. They were young people who believed in their Lord and We gave them further guidance.

  14. We strengthened their hearts when they stood up against the idols and said, "Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth. We shall never worship anyone other than Him lest we commit blasphemy.

  15. Our people have considered other things equal to God. Why cannot they present clear proof in support of their claim. Who is more unjust than one who invents falsehood against God?"

  16. (They were told), "Now that you have abandoned them and what they worship instead of God, seek refuge in the cave. God will, certainly, grant you mercy and provide you with help to safely get out of this trouble."

  17. No sunlight could reach them during their sleep in the cave. One could see the rising sun decline to the right of their cave and the setting sun move its way to the left whilst they were sleeping in an opening of the cave. This is one of the miracles of God. Whomever God guides receives the right guidance and you will never find a guardian or guide for those whom He causes to go astray.

  18. One would think them (the youths) awake while, in fact, they were sleeping. We turned their bodies from right to left and their dog stretched its front legs on the ground. Had one looked them over, he would have run away from them in terror.

  19. We roused them from their sleep so that they would question each other about their stay in the cave. One of them said, "How long do you think we have stayed here?" They replied, "A day or part of a day." They added, " Your Lord knows better how long we have stayed here. Let us send one of us with this money to the city to get some pure food so that we might eat. He should be careful so that no one will know about us. If they were to recognize us,

  20. they would certainly stone us to death or force us to follow their religion. Then we shall never be able to have everlasting happiness."

  21. We caused their story to become public so that people would know that God´s promise was true and that there is no doubt about the coming of the Day of Judgment. They started to argue with each other about the matter (Resurrection) and some of them said, "Let us establish a building at the youths´ sleeping place (to hide them). Their Lord knew best their intentions about them. The majority prevailed in their suggestion of the establishment of a mosque in that place.

  22. (With regard to the number of the youths) some say, "There were three and the dog was the fourth one," Others say, "There were five and the dog was the sixth one." In reality, they are just feeling around in the dark. Still some of them say, "There were seven and the dog was the eighth one." (Muhammad), say, "My Lord has the best knowledge of their number. You know very little about it." Do not insist on arguing with them, but merely tell them the story as it has been revealed to you and do not ask anyone about them.

  23. Never say of something, "I shall do it tomorrow,"

  24. without adding, "if God wills." Recall your Lord if you forget to do something. Say, "I hope that my Lord will provide me better guidance."

  25. They, in fact, stayed in the cave for three hundred plus nine further years.

  26. (Muhammad), say, "God knows best how long they stayed there; to Him belongs the unseen of both the heavens and the earth. How clear is His sight and how keen His hearing! No one other than Him is their guardian and no one shares His Judgment.

  27. Read whatever is revealed to you from the Book of your Lord. No one can change His words and you can never find any refuge other than Him.

  28. Be patient with those who worship their Lord in the mornings and evenings to seek His pleasure. Do not overlook them to seek the worldly pleasures. Do not obey those whom We have caused to neglect Us and instead follow their own desires beyond all limits.

  29. Say," Truth comes from your Lord. Let people have faith or disbelieve as they chose." For the unjust We have prepared a fire which will engulf them with its (flames). Whenever they cry for help they will be answered with water as hot as molted brass which will scald their faces. How terrible is such a drink and such a resting place!

  30. The righteously striving believers should know that We do not neglect the reward of those who do good deeds.

  31. They will be admitted to the gardens of Eden wherein streams flow. They will rest on soft couches, decked with bracelets of gold and clothed in green silk garments and shining brocade. How blissful is such a reward and resting place!

  32. (Muhammad), tell them the parable of the two men. To one of them We had given two gardens of vines surrounded by the palm trees with a piece of farm land between them

  33. and a stream flowing through the middle of the gardens.

  34. Both gardens would yield fruits to their fullest capacity. Whatever was produced belonged to him. To his friend he exclaimed, "I have more wealth and greater man-power than you."

  35. He unjustly entered his garden and said, "I do not think this (property) will ever perish

  36. nor do I think that there will be a Day of Judgment. Even if I shall be brought before my Lord, I certainly deserve to have a better place than this."

  37. His friend said to him, "How can you disbelieve in the One who turned clay into sperm out of which He created you?

  38. I believe that He is God my Lord and I do not consider anything equal to Him."

  39. When entering your garden, you should have said, "This is what God willed; All Power belongs to Him. Even if you consider me inferior to yourself in wealth and offspring,

  40. perhaps my Lord will give me a garden better than yours and strike your garden with a thunderbolt from the sky to turn it into a barren ground,

  41. or cause the streams in your garden to disappear under the ground such that you will never be able to find them.

  42. (Sure enough the rich person´s) fruits were all destroyed and he began to wring his hands in grief for all that he had invested in his garden. He found his garden tumbled to its trellises and said, "Would that I had not considered anything equal to my Lord".

  43. He had no one besides God to help him, nor could he himself achieve any success.

  44. In such helplessness, the human being realizes that it is God who is the true Guardian and His rewards and recompense are the best.

  45. (Muhammad), tell them, "The worldly life resembles the (seasonal) plants that blossom by the help of the water which God sends from the sky. After a short time all of them fade away and the winds scatter them (and turns them into dust). God has power over all things.

  46. Children and property are the ornaments of the worldly life, but for deeds which continually produce virtue one can obtain better rewards from God and have greater hope in Him.

  47. On the day when We will cause the mountains to travel around and the earth to turn into a levelled plain, We will also bring all human beings together. No one will be left behind.

  48. They will all be lined up in the presence of your Lord who will tell them, "Despite your belief that there would never be a Day of Judgment, all of you are brought in Our presence just as though We had created you for the first time. You believed that our promise could never come true."

  49. When the record of every one´s deeds is placed before him, you will see the criminals terrified from what the record contains. They will say, "Woe to us! What kind of record is this that has missed nothing small or great?" They will find whatever they have done right before their very eyes. Your Lord is not unjust to any one.

  50. When We told the angels to prostrate before Adam they all obeyed except Iblis. He was a jinn and he sinned against the command of his Lord. Why do you (people) obey him and his offspring instead of Me, even though they are your enemies? How terrible will be the recompense that the wrong doers will receive!

  51. I did not call (the unjust) to witness the creation of the heavens and earth nor to witness their own creation nor did I want to be helped by those who lead people astray.

  52. On the day when God asks the idolators to seek help from their idols, they will call their idols for help. But the idols will not answer them; We shall separate the two parties from each other by a destructive gulf.

  53. When the criminals see hell fire, they will have no doubt about falling (headlong) therein, nor of finding anyone to save them.

  54. We have given various examples in this Quran for people to learn a lesson, but the human being is the most contentious creature.

  55. What prevents people from having faith when guidance comes to them or from asking for forgiveness from their Lord before they face the kind of torment that the ancient people experienced or a new form of torment.

  56. The only reason for Our sending the Messengers is to give the human being the glad news of Our mercy and to warn him about Our wrath. The disbelievers argue by false means to refute the Truth. They mock My miracles and warnings.

  57. Who are more unjust than those who are reminded of the revelations of their Lord but have disregarded them and have forgotten their deeds? We have veiled their hearts and sealed their ears so that they cannot understand. Even if you call them to the right path, they will never accept guidance.

  58. Your Lord is All-forgiving and All-merciful. Had He wanted to punish them for their sins, He would have been prompt to torment them. For their punishment there is an appointed time, after which there will be no way for them to escape.

  59. We only destroyed the inhabitants of certain towns when they had committed injustice and did not repent before Our deadline.

  60. (Consider) when Moses said to his young companion, "I shall continue travelling until I reach the junction of the two seas or have travelled for many years".

  61. When they reached the junction of the two seas they found out that they had forgotten all about the fish (which they had carried for food). The fish found its way into the sea.

  62. Moses asked his young companion when they crossed this point, "Bring us our food; the journey has made us tired."

  63. His companion replied, "Do you remember the rock on which we took rest? Satan made me forget to mention to you the story of the fish and how it miraculously made its way into the sea.

  64. Moses said, "That is exactly what we are seeking. They followed their own foot prints back (to the rock)."

  65. There they met one of Our servants who had received blessings and knowledge from Us.

  66. Moses asked him, "Can I follow you so that you would teach me the guidance that you have received?"

  67. He replied, "You will not be able to have patience with me.

  68. "How can you remain patient with that which you do not fully understand?"

  69. Moses said, "If God wishes, you will find me patient and I shall not disobey any of your orders."

  70. He said to Moses, "If you will follow me, do not ask me about anything until I tell you the story about it."

  71. They started their journey and some time latter they embarked in a boat in which he made a hole. Moses asked him, "Did you make the hole to drown the people on board? This is certainly very strange".

  72. He said, "Did I not tell you that you would not be able to remain patient with me?"

  73. Moses said, "Please, forgive my forgetfulness. Do not oblige me with what is difficult for me to endure."

  74. They continued on their journey until they met a young boy whom he killed. Moses said, "How could you murder an innocent soul? This is certainly a horrible act".

  75. He responded, "Did I not tell you that you will not be able to remain patient with me?"

  76. Moses said, "If I ask you such questions again, abandon me; you will have enough reason to do so."

  77. They continued on their journey again until they reached a town. They asked the people there for food, but no one accepted them as their guests. They found there a wall of a house which was on the verge of tumbling to the ground. The companion of Moses repaired that wall. Moses said, "You should have received some money for your labor."

  78. He replied, "This is where we should depart from one another. I shall give an explanation to you for all that I have done for which you could not remain patient.

  79. "The boat belonged to some destitute people who were using it as a means of their living in the sea. The king had imposed a certain amount of tax on every undamaged boat. I damaged it so that they would not have to pay the tax.

  80. "The young boy had very faithful parents. We were afraid that out of love for him they would lose their faith in God and commit rebellion

  81. so We decided that their Lord should replace him by a better and more virtuous son.

  82. "The tumbling wall belonged to two orphans in the town whose father was a righteous person. Underneath the wall there was a treasure that belonged to them. Your Lord wanted the orphans to find the treasure through the mercy of your Lord when they mature. I did not repair the wall out of my own desire. These were the explanations of my deeds about which you could not remain patient."

  83. (Muhammad), they will ask you about Dhu ´l-Qarnayn. Say, "I shall tell you something about him".

  84. We had given him great power in the land and all kinds of resources.

  85. With these he traveled

  86. to the West where he found the sun setting into a warm source (spring) of water and a people living near by. We asked him, "Dhu ´l-Qarnayn, you may punish them or treat them with kindness?"

  87. He replied, "I shall punish the unjust ones among them and then they will return to their Lord, who will punish them more sternly".

  88. As for those who believe and do good, they will receive virtuous rewards and We will tell them to do only what they can.

  89. He travelled again

  90. to the East where he found the sun rising upon a people whom We had exposed to its rays.

  91. This indeed was true. We knew all that he did there.

  92. He travelled

  93. after this to the middle of two mountains where he found a people who could hardly understand a single word.

  94. They said, "Dhu ´l-Qarnayn, Gog and Magog are ravaging this land. Would you establish a barrier between us and them if we pay you a certain tax?"

  95. He replied, "The power that my Lord has granted me is better (than your tax). Help me with your man-power and I shall construct a barrier between you and Gog and Magog.

  96. Bring me blocks of iron to fill up the passage between the two mountains." He told them to ply their bellows until the iron became hot as fire. Then he told them to pour on it molten brass."

  97. (Thus he constructed the barrier which) neither Gog nor Magog were able to climb nor were they able to dig a tunnel through the iron and brass barrier.

  98. Dhu l-Qarnayn said, "This barrier is a blessing from my Lord but when His promise comes to pass He will level it to the ground; His promise always comes true."

  99. On the day when the barrier is demolished, We will leave human beings in chaos. We will leave them like the waves of the sea striking against each other. Then the trumpet will be sounded and We will bring them all together.

  100. We will fully expose the view of hell on that Day to the disbelievers,

  101. whose eyes had been veiled against Our Quran and who were not able to hear (its recitation).

  102. Do the unbelievers think they can make My servants as their guardians instead of Me? We have prepared hell as a dwelling place for the disbelievers.

  103. (Muhammad), tell them, "Should I tell you who will face the greatest loss as a result of their deeds?

  104. It will be those who labor a great deal in this life but without guidance, yet think that they are doing a great many good deeds.

  105. They have rejected the revelations of their Lord and their meeting with Him. Thus, their deeds will be made devoid of all virtue and will be of no value on the Day of Judgment.

  106. For their disbelief and their mocking Our revelations and Messengerss, their recompense will be hell.

  107. The righteously striving believers will have the gardens of Paradise as their dwelling place and therein they will live forever,

  108. without any desire to change their abode.

  109. (Muhammad), tell them, "Had the seas been used as ink to write down the words of my Lord, they would have all been consumed before the words of my Lord could have been recorded, even though replenished with a like quantity of ink.

  110. Say, "I am only a mortal like you but I have received revelation that there is only one Lord. Whoever desires to meet his Lord should strive righteously and should worship no one besides Him.


Sura 17Sura 19