Malik - Sura: 28. Al-Qasas - The Narrative

  1. Tua Sin M'im.

  2. These are the verses of the Glorious Book that makes the things clear.

  3. In all truth, We narrate to you some information about Musa (Moses) and Fir'on (Pharaoh) for the instruction of the believers.

  4. The fact is that Fir'on elevated himself in the land and divided its residents into groups, one group of which he persecuted, putting their sons to death and sparing only their females. Indeed he was one of the mischief-makers.

  5. But We wanted to favor those who were oppressed in the land, and make them leaders, and make them the heirs,

  6. establish them in the land, and show Fir'on, Haman and their warriors at their hands the same which they feared.

  7. So We revealed Our will to the mother of Musa: "Suckle him, and when you feel any danger to his life, cast him into the river without any fear or grief; for We shall certainly restore him to you and make him one of Our Rasools."

  8. We made Fir'on's family pick him up from the river: it was intended that Musa may become their adversary and a cause of their sorrow; for Fir'on, Haman and their warriors were all sinners.

  9. The wife of Fir'on said: "This child may become the comfort of the eyes for me and for you. Do not kill him. He may prove useful to us or it may be that we will adopt him as our son." They were unaware of the result of what they were doing.

  10. On the other hand, the heart of Musa's mother was sorely troubled. She would have disclosed as to who he was, had We not strengthened her heart so that she might become one of the true believers.

  11. She said to Musa's sister: "Go, and follow him." So she (Musa's sister) watched him from a distance in such a way that the other did not notice it.

  12. We had already ordained that he would refuse to suck any foster mother. His sister came to Fir'on's wife and said: "Shall I point out to you a house whose people will take care of him for you and they will be sincere to him?"

  13. Thus did We restore him to his mother that her eye might be comforted, that she might not grieve and that she might know that the promise of Allah is true. Yet most of the people do not understand.

  14. When he reached maturity and became full-grown, We bestowed on him wisdom and knowledge. Thus do We reward the righteous.

  15. One day he entered the city at a time when its, people were not yet active, he found two men reaching to each others throats; one was from his own race and the other of his foes. The man of his own race appealed for his help against his foe, thereupon Musa gave his foe a blow which killed him. On seeing what he has done he said: "This is the work of Shaitan, surely he is an enemy that openly misleads."

  16. Then he prayed: "O my Rabb! I have indeed wronged my soul, please forgive me." So Allah forgave him, surely He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.

  17. Musa promised: "O my Rabb! After this favor that You have bestowed on me, I shall never be a helping hand to the criminals."

  18. Next morning as he was walking in the city in fear and caution, suddenly he saw the same man who he had helped the day before cried out to him again for help. Musa replied: "You are certainly a misguided person."

  19. Then when Musa was about to lay his hands on a man who was an enemy to both of them, he cried out: "O Musa! Do you intend to kill me as you killed a person yesterday? You only want to become a tyrant in the land and have no intention of reforming anything."

  20. At that time, there came a man running from the other end of the city and said: "O Musa! The chiefs are plotting to kill you, therefore, run away, surely I am your well wisher."

  21. Hearing this, Musa left that place in fear and caution, praying: "O my Rabb! Deliver me from the nation of wrongdoers."

  22. As he made his way towards Madyan, he said: "Soon my Rabb shall guide me to the Right Way."

  23. When he arrived at the well of Madyan, he saw a multitude of men watering their flocks, and besides them two women who were keeping their flocks back. He asked: "What is the problem?" They replied: "We cannot water our flocks until the shepherds take away their flocks from the water, because we are weak and our father is a very old man."

  24. So he watered their flocks for them and went back to the shade and prayed: "O Rabb! Surely I am in desperate need of whatever good that You may send down to me."

  25. Soon after that, one of the two women came to him walking bashfully and said: "My father is calling you. He wishes to reward you for watering our flocks for us." When Musa came to him and narrated his story, the old man said: "Have no fear. You have escaped from those wicked people."

  26. One of the daughters said: "Father, hire this man. The best that one can hire is a man who is strong and trustworthy."

  27. The old man said to Musa: "I am willing to give you one of my daughters in marriage if you stay in my service for eight years; but you may complete ten if you wish. I do not want to put you in trouble; Allah willing, you will find me one of the righteous."

  28. Musa replied: "So be it an agreement between me and you. Whichever of the two terms I complete, let there be no compulsion on me. Allah is the witness to what we have agreed upon."

  29. After completing the term of his agreement, when Musa (Moses) was travelling with his family, he saw a fire in the direction of Mount Tur. He said to his family: "Stay here, I saw a fire, I hope to bring some information from there or a lighted torch with which you may warm yourselves."

  30. But when he reached there, a voice called out to him from the right side of the valley of the blessed spot from a tree , saying: "O Musa, surely I am Allah the Rabb of the Worlds."

  31. Then Allah commanded, "Throw down your staff." When Musa saw that the staff was writhing like a snake, he turned his back and fled, and did not even look behind. Allah said, "O Musa, come back and do not fear; you are quite safe.

  32. Now put your hand into your pocket: it will come out shining white without any harm to you - whenever you feel afraid, draw your hand towards yourself to ward off fear - these are two credentials from your Rabb towards Fir'on and his chiefs, surely they are wicked people."

  33. Musa submitted: "Rabb! I have killed one of them: I fear that they will put me to death.

  34. My brother Haroon (Aaron), he is more eloquent in speech than I: send him with me as a helper to confirm my words; I fear that they will treat me as a liar."

  35. Allah replied: "We will certainly strengthen your arm with your brother and give both of you such authority that they shall not be able to harm you. Now proceed with Our signs. You, and those who follow you, will surely triumph."

  36. When Musa (Moses) came to them (Fir'on and his chiefs) with Our clear signs and invited them to Islam, they said: "This is nothing but baseless sorcery; we never heard such a thing in the time of our forefathers."

  37. Musa stated: "My Rabb knows best who it is that comes with guidance from Him and who will gain the reward of the hereafter; surely the wrongdoers will not attain felicity."

  38. Fir'on said: "O Chiefs! You have no other god that I know of, except myself. O Haman! Bake for me bricks from clay and build me a high tower so that I may climb it to see the God of Musa; most surely I think him to be one of the liars."

  39. He and his warriors were arrogant in the land without any right; they thought that they would never be brought back to Us.

  40. So We seized him and his warriors, and flung them into the sea. See what was the end of wrongdoers?

  41. We made them leaders who started calling people to hellfire, but on the Day of Resurrection they will not get any help.

  42. We laid a curse on them in this world, and on the Day of Resurrection they will be of the despised.

  43. We gave Musa (Moses) the Book (Torah), after We had destroyed the former generations, an eye opener, a guide, and a blessing so that they may be reminded.

  44. O Muhammad, you were not present on the western side of the mountain when We gave Musa the Law, nor did you witness that event.

  45. We raised many generations and a long time has passed over them; you were not living among the people of Madyan, reciting to them Our revelations; but it is We Who are sending to you the news of that time.

  46. Nor were you at the side of the mountain of Tur when We called out to Musa, but it is your Rabb's mercy that you are being given this information so that you may forewarn a nation to whom no Warner had come before you. Maybe they will take heed,

  47. so that they may not be able to say, when a disaster befalls them on account of their misdeeds: "Our Rabb, had You sent us a Rasool, we should have followed Your revelations and became the believers."

  48. Now that the Truth has come to them from Us, they are saying: "Why is he (Muhammad) not given the like of what was given to Musa?" Have they not rejected that which was given to Musa before? They claim: "These (Torah and Qur'an) are the two works of sorcery complementing each other!" And they say: "We believe in neither."

  49. Ask them: "Bring a Book from Allah which is a better guide than these two, I will follow it, if what you say be true!"

  50. So if they do not meet this demand, you should know that they only follow their own desires. And who is more misguided than the one who follows his own desires rather than the guidance from Allah? In fact, Allah does not guide such wrongdoing people.

  51. We have conveyed Our Word to them over and over again in order that they may take heed.

  52. Those to whom the scriptures were given before this (Jews and Christians), they do recognize the Truth and believe in this (Qur'an).

  53. When it is recited to them they say: "We believe in it, surely this is the Truth from our Rabb: indeed we were Muslims even before this."

  54. They are the ones who will be given their reward twice, because they have endured with fortitude, repelling evil with good and giving in charity out of what We have given them.

  55. When they hear vain talk, they withdraw from it saying: "Our deeds are for us and yours for you; peace be on to you: we do not desire the way of ignorant."

  56. O Prophet, you cannot give guidance to whom you wish, it is Allah Who gives guidance to whom He pleases, and He is quite aware of those who are guided.

  57. Those who do not wish to be guided say: "If we go along with you and accept this guidance, we shall be driven out from our land." But have We not given them a secure sanctuary to which are brought the fruits of all kinds as a provision from Us? But most of them have no knowledge.

  58. How many towns have We destroyed who once flourished in their economy? Just see those dwellings of theirs, only a few of which have been inhabited after them; at last We Alone became their inheritors.

  59. Your Rabb would never destroy the towns until He had sent in their metropolis a Rasool, proclaiming to them Our revelations; and We would not destroy towns except when their dwellers had become wrongdoers.

  60. The things which you have been given are but the provisions and adornments of this worldly life; and that which is with Allah is better and more lasting. Why don't you use your common sense?

  61. Can a person to whom We have made a handsome promise and he is sure to receive it, be like the one to whom We have only given the provisions of this world and he is scheduled to be presented on the Day of Resurrection for punishment?

  62. Let them not forget that Day when We shall call them and ask: "Where are those whom you deemed to be My associates?"

  63. Those who are proven guilty as charged will say: "Our Rabb! These are the ones whom we led astray; we led them astray as we were astray ourselves. However, we plead our innocence before You; it was not us that they worshipped."

  64. Then they will be told: "Appeal to your shoraka' (associate gods)," so they will appeal them but will get no answer. They will see the punishment and wish that they had accepted guidance.

  65. Let them also not forget that, on that Day, He will call them and ask: "How did you answer Our Rasools?"

  66. They will be so confused on that Day that they will not even ask one another.

  67. However, the one who has repented in this life, and believed, and done good deeds may hope to be among those who will achieve salvation.

  68. Your Rabb creates whatever He wills and chooses for His work whom He pleases. It is not for them (mushrikin) to choose and assign the powers of Allah to whom they want. Glory be to Allah! He is far above the shirk that these people commit.

  69. Your Rabb knows all that they conceal in their hearts and all that they reveal.

  70. He is Allah; there is no god but Him. Praise belongs to Him in this world and in the hereafter: His is the Judgement and to Him you all shall be brought back.

  71. O Prophet, ask them: "Have you ever considered that if Allah were to make the night perpetual till the Day of Resurrection, which deity other than Allah could bring you light?" Will you not listen?

  72. Ask them again: "Have you ever considered that if Allah were to make the day perpetual till the Day of Resurrection, which deity other than Allah could bring you the night in which you could rest? Will you not see?

  73. It is out of His mercy that He has made for you the night that you may rest in it, and the day that you may seek His bounty, so that you may render thanks.

  74. They should be mindful of that Day when He will call them and ask: "Where are those deities whom you deemed My associates?"

  75. And We shall bring forth a witness from every nation and ask: "Bring your proof about other deities besides Me." Then they shall come to know that in reality there is only One God, Allah, and gods of their own inventions have left them in the lurch."

  76. The fact is that Qarun (Korah) was one of Musa's people, but he rebelled against them. We had given him such treasures that their very keys were a heavy burden to a band of strong men. When his people said to him: "Do not exult, for Allah does not love the exultant.

  77. Rather seek, by means of what Allah has given you, to attain the abode of the hereafter, while not neglecting your share in this world. Be good to others as Allah has been good to you, and do not seek mischief in the land, for Allah does not love the mischief makers."

  78. He replied: "All that I have been given is by virtue of the knowledge that I possess." Did he (Qarun) not know that Allah had destroyed many people before, who were mightier in strength and greater in riches than him? But the criminals are not called to account immediately for their sins.

  79. One day he came out before his people in his worldly glitter. Those who sought the life of this world said: "Would that we had the like of Qarun's fortune! He is indeed a very lucky man."

  80. But those who were endowed with knowledge said: "Alas for you! Better is the reward of Allah for him that has faith and does good deeds; but none shall attain it save those who endured with fortitude."

  81. Then We caused the earth to swallow him, together with his dwelling, and he had no host to help him against Allah; nor was he able to defend himself.

  82. Now the same people who envied him for his lot the day before, began to say: "Alas! We had forgotten that it is indeed Allah Who enlarges the provision for whom He wills and restricts it from whom He pleases. If Allah had not been gracious to us, He could have caused the earth to swallow us too. Alas! We did not remember that the disbelievers never attain felicity."

  83. As for the abode of the Hereafter, We have reserved it for those who seek neither glory nor corruption in the earth; the ultimate good is for the righteous.

  84. Anyone who brings a good deed shall have something even better; while anyone who brings an evil deed will find that those who perform evil deeds will be punished only to the extent of their misdeeds.

  85. O Prophet, rest assured that He Who charged you with The Qur'an will bring you to the best destination. Say: "My Rabb best knows him who has brought guidance and him who is in manifest error."

  86. You (O Muhammad) never expected that the Book would be revealed to you. Only through your Rabb's mercy has it been revealed to you: therefore do not be a helper in any way to the unbelievers.

  87. Let no one turn you away from the revelations of Allah now that they have been revealed to you. Invite people to your Rabb and be not of the mushrikin (who join other deities with Allah).

  88. Invoke no other god besides Allah. There is no god but Him. Everything is perishable except Him. To him belongs the judgement and to him will you all be returned.


Sura 27Sura 29