O MANKIND! Be conscious of your Sustainer, who has created you out of one living entity, and out of it created its mate, and out of the two spread abroad a multitude of men and women. 1 And remain conscious of God, in whose name you demand [your rights] from one another, and of these ties of kinship. Verily, God is ever watchful over you!
Hence, render unto the orphans their possessions, and do not substitute bad things [of your own] for the good things [that belong to them], and do not consume their possessions together with your own: 2 this, verily, is a great crime.
And if you have reason to fear that you might not act equitably towards orphans, then marry from among [other] women such as are lawful to you 3 - [even] two, or three, or four: but if you have reason to fear that you might not be able to treat them with equal fairness, then [only] one - or [from among] those whom you rightfully possess. 4 This will make it more likely that you will not deviate from the right course.
And give unto women their marriage portions in the spirit of a gift; 5 but if they, of their own accord, give up unto you aught thereof, then enjoy it with pleasure and good cheer.
And do not entrust to those who are weak of judgment the possessions which God has placed in your charge 6 for [their] support; but let them have their sustenance therefrom, and clothe them, and speak unto them in a kindly way.
And test the orphans [in your charge] until they reach a marriageable age; then, if you find them to be mature of mind, hand over to them their possessions; and do not consume them by wasteful spending, and in haste, ere they grow up. And let him who is rich abstain entirely [from his ward's property]; and let him who is poor partake thereof in a fair manner. And when you hand over to them their possessions, let there be witnesses on their behalf - although none can take count as God does.
MEN SHALL have a share in what parents and kinsfolk leave behind, and women shall have a share in what parents and kinsfolk leave behind, whether it be little or much - a share ordained [by God].
And when [other] near of kin and orphans and needy persons 7 are present at the distribution [of inheritance], give them something thereof for their sustenance, and speak unto them in a kindly way.
And let them stand in awe [of God], those [legal heirs] - who, if they [themselves] had to leave behind weak offspring, would feel fear on their account - and let them remain conscious of God, and let them speak [to the poor] in a just manner.
Behold, those who sinfully devour the possessions of orphans but fill their bellies with fire: for [in the life to come] they will have to endure a blazing flame!
CONCERNING [the inheritance of] your children, God enjoins [this] upon you: 8 The male shall have the equal of two females' share; but if there are more than two females, they shall have two-thirds of what [their parents] leave behind; and if there is only one, she shall have one-half thereof. And as for the parents [of the deceased], each of them shall have one-sixth of what he leaves behind, in the event of his having [left] a child; but if he has left no child and his parents are his [only] heirs, then his mother shall have one-third; and if he has brothers and sisters, then his mother shall have one-sixth after [the deduction of] any bequest he may have made, or any debt [he may have incurred]. As for your parents and your children - you know not which of them is more deserving of benefit from you: [therefore this] ordinance from God. Verily, God is all-knowing, wise.
And you shall inherit one-half of what your wives leave behind, provided they have left no child; but if they have left a child, then you shall have one-quarter of what they leave behind, after [the deduction of] any bequest they may have made, or any debt [they may have incurred]. And your widows 9 shall have one-quarter of what you leave behind, provided you have left no child; but if you have left a child, then they shall have one-eighth of what you leave behind, after [the deduction of] any bequest you may have made, or any debt [you may have incurred]. And if a man or a woman has no heir in the direct line, but has a brother or a sister, then each of these two shall inherit one-sixth; but if there are more than two, 10 then they shall share in one-third [of the inheritance], after [the deduction of] any bequest that may have been made, or any debt [that may have been incurred], neither of which having been intended to harm [the heirs]. 11 [This is] an injunction from God: and God is all-knowing, forbearing.
These are the bounds set by God. And whoever pays heed unto God and His Apostle, him will He bring into gardens through which running waters flow, therein to abide: and this is a triumph supreme.
And whoever rebels against God and His Apostle and transgresses His bounds, him will He commit unto fire, therein to abide: and shameful suffering awaits him.
AND AS FOR those of your women who become guilty of immoral conduct, call upon four from among you who have witnessed their guilt; and if these bear witness thereto, confine the guilty women 12 to their houses until death takes them away or God opens for them a way [through repentance].
And punish [thus] both of the guilty parties; 13 but if they both repent and mend their ways, leave them alone: for, behold, God is an acceptor of repentance, a dispenser of grace. 14
Verily, God s acceptance of repentance relates only to those who do evil out of ignorance and then repent before their time runs out: 15 and it is they unto whom God will turn again in His mercy - for God is all-knowing, wise;
whereas repentance shall not be accepted from those who do evil deeds until their dying hour and then say, 16 "Behold, I now repent"; nor from those who die as deniers of the truth: it is these for whom We have readied grievous suffering.
O YOU who have attained to faith! It is not lawful for you to [try to] become heirs to your wives [by holding onto them] against their will; 17 and neither shall you keep them under constraint with a view to taking away anything of what you may have given them, unless it be that they have become guilty, in an obvious manner, of immoral conduct. 18 And consort with your wives 19 in a goodly manner; for if you dislike them, it may well be that you dislike something which God might yet make a source of 20 abundant good.
But if you desire to give up a wife and to take another in her stead, do not take away anything of what you have given the first one, however much it may have been. 21 Would you, perchance, take it away by slandering her and thus committing a manifest sin? 22
And how could you take it away after you have given yourselves to one another, and she has 23 received a most solemn pledge from you?
AND DO NOT marry women whom your fathers have previously married - although what is past is past: 24 this, verily, is a shameful deed, and a hateful thing, and an evil way.
Forbidden to you are your mothers, and your daughters, and your sisters, and your aunts paternal and maternal, and a brother's daughters, and a sister's daughters; and your milk-mothers, and your milk-sisters; and the mothers of your wives; and your step-daughters - who are your foster-children - born of your wives with whom you have consummated your marriage; but if you have not consummated your marriage, you will incur no sin [by marrying their daughters]; and [forbidden to you are] the spouses of the sons who have sprung from your loins; and [you are forbidden] to have two sisters [as your wives] at one and the same time - but what is past is past: 25 for, behold, God is indeed much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace.
And [forbidden to you are] all married women other than those whom you rightfully possess [through wedlock]: 26 this is God's ordinance, binding upon you. But lawful to you are all [women] beyond these, for you to seek out, offering them of your possessions, 27 taking them in honest wedlock, and not in fornication. And unto those with whom you desire to enjoy marriage, you shall give the cowers due to them; but you will incur no sin if, after [having agreed upon] this lawful due, you freely agree with one another upon anything [else]: 28 behold, God is indeed all-knowing, wise.
And as for those of you who, owing to circumstances, are not in a position 29 to marry free believing women, [let them marry] believing maidens from among those whom you rightfully possess. 30 And God knows all about your faith; each one of you is an issue of the other. 31 Marry them, then, with their people's leave, and give them their cowers in an equitable manner - they being women who give themselves in honest wedlock, not in fornication, nor as secret love-companions. 32 And when they are married, and thereafter become guilty of immoral conduct, they shall be liable to half the penalty to which free married women are liable. 33 This [permission to marry slave-girls applies] to those of you who fear lest they stumble into evil. 34 But it is for your own good to persevere in patience [and to abstain from such marriages]: and God is much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace.
God wants to make [all this] clear unto you, and to guide you onto the [righteous] ways of life of those who preceded you, 35 and to turn unto you in His mercy: for God is all-knowing, wise.
And God wants to turn unto you in His mercy, whereas those who follow [only] their own lusts want you to drift far away from the right path. 36
God wants to lighten your burdens: 37 for man has been created weak.
0 YOU who have attained to faith! Do not devour one another's possessions wrongfully - not even by way of trade based on mutual agreement 38 - and do not destroy one another: for, behold, God is indeed a dispenser of grace unto you!
And as for him who does this with malicious intent and a will to do wrong 39 - him shall We, in time, cause to endure [suffering through] fire: for this is indeed easy for God.
If you avoid the great sins which you have been enjoined to shun, We shall efface your [minor] bad deeds, and shall cause you to enter an abode of glory. 40
Hence, do not covet the bounties which God has bestowed more abundantly on some of you than on others. Men shall have a benefit from what they earn, and women shall have a benefit from what they earn. Ask, therefore, God [to give you] out of His bounty: behold, God has indeed full knowledge of everything.
And unto everyone have We appointed heirs to what he may leave behind: parents, and near kinsfolk, and those to whom you have pledged your troth: 41 give them, therefore, their share. Behold, God is indeed a witness unto everything.
MEN SHALL take full care of women with the bounties which God has bestowed more abundantly on the former than on the latter, 42 and with what they may spend out of their possessions. And the righteous women are the truly devout ones, who guard the intimacy which God has [ordained to be] guarded. 43 And as for those women whose ill-will 44 you have reason to fear, admonish them [first]; then leave them alone in bed; then beat them; 45 and if thereupon they pay you heed, do not seek to harm them. Behold, God is indeed most high, great!
And if you have reason to fear that a breach might occur between a [married] couple, appoint an arbiter from among his people and an arbiter from among her people; if they both want to set things aright, God may bring about their reconciliation. Behold, God is indeed all-knowing, aware.
AND WORSHIP God [alone], and do not ascribe divinity, in any way, to aught beside Him. 46 And do good unto your parents, and near of kin, and unto orphans, and the needy, and the neighbour from among your own people, and the neighbour who is a stranger, 47 and the friend by your side, and the wayfarer, and those whom you rightfully possess. 48 Verily, God does not love any of those who, full of self-conceit, act in a boastful manner;
[nor] those who are niggardly, and bid others to be niggardly, and conceal whatever God has bestowed upon them out of His bounty; and so We have readied shameful suffering for all who thus deny the truth.
And [God does not love] those who spend their possessions on others [only] to be seen and praised by men, the while they believe neither in God nor in the Last Day; and he who has Satan for a soul-mate, how evil a soul-mate has he! 49
And what would they have to fear 50 if they would but believe in God and the Last Day, and spend [in His way] out of what God has granted them as sustenance - since God has indeed full knowledge of them?
Verily, God does not wrong [anyone] by as much as an atom's weight; and if there be a good deed, He will multiply it, and will bestow out of His grace 51 a mighty reward.
How, then, [will the sinners fare on Judgment Day,] when We shall bring forward witnesses from within every community, 52 and bring thee [O Prophet] as witness against them?
Those who were bent on denying the truth and paid no heed to the Apostle will on that Day wish that the earth would swallow them: 53 but they shall not [be able to] conceal from God anything that has happened.
0 YOU who have attained to faith! Do not attempt to pray while you are in a state of drunkenness, 54 [but wait] until you know what you are saying; nor yet [while you are] in a state requiring total ablution, 55 until you have bathed - except if you are travelling [and are unable to do so]. But if you are ill, or are travelling, or have just satisfied a want of nature, 56 or have cohabited with a woman, and can find no water - then take resort to pure dust, passing [therewith] lightly over your face and your hands. 57 Behold, God is indeed an absolver of sins, much-forgiving.
ART THOU NOT aware of those who, having been granted their share of the divine writ, 58 now barter it away for error, and want you [too] to lose your way
But God knows best who are your enemies: and none can befriend as God does, and none can give succour as God does.
Among those of the Jewish faith there are some who distort the meaning of the [revealed] words, taking them out of their context and saying [as it were,] "We have heard, but we disobey," and "Hear without hearkening," 59 and, "Hearken thou unto us, [O Muhammad]" - thus making a play with their tongues, and implying that the [true] Faith is false. 60 And had they but said, "We have heard, and we pay heed," and "Hear [us], and have patience with us," it would indeed have been for their own good, and more upright: but God has rejected them because of their refusal to acknowledge the truth - for it is in but few things that they believe. 61
O you who have been granted revelation [aforetime]! Believe in what We have [now] bestowed from on high in confirmation of whatever [of the truth] you already possess, lest We efface your hopes and bring them to an end 62 - just as We rejected those people who broke the Sabbath: for God's will is always done. 63
VERILY, God does not forgive the ascribing of divinity to aught beside Him, although He forgives any lesser sin 64 unto whomever He wills: for he who ascribes divinity to aught beside God has indeed contrived an awesome sin. 65
Art thou not aware of those who consider themselves pure? 66 Nay, but it is God who causes whomever He wills to grow in purity; and none shall be wronged by as much as a hair's breadth. 67
Behold how they attribute their own lying inventions to God - than which there is no sin more obvious. 68
Art thou not aware of those who, having been granted their share of the divine writ, [now] believe in baseless mysteries and in the powers of evil, 69 and maintain that those who are bent on denying the truth are more surely guided than those who have attained to faith?
It is they whom God has rejected: and he whom God rejects shall find none to succour him.
Have they, perchance, a share in [God's] dominion? 70 But [if they had], lo, they would not give to other people as much as [would fill] the groove of a date-stone!
Do they, perchance, envy other people for what God has granted them out of His bounty? 71 But then, We did grant revelation and wisdom unto the House of Abraham, and We did bestow on them a mighty dominion:
and among them are such as [truly] believe in him, 72 and among them are such as have turned away from him. And nothing could be as burning as [the fire of] hell:
for, verily, those who are bent on denying the truth of Our messages We shall, in time, cause to endure fire: [and] every time their skins are burnt off We shall replace them with new skins, so that the may taste suffering [in fu11]. 73 Verily, God is almighty wise.
But those who attain to faith and do righteous deeds We shall bring into gardens through which running waters flow, therein to abide beyond the count of time; there shall they have spouses pure and [thus] We shall bring them unto happiness abounding. 74
BEHOLD, God bids you to deliver all that you have been entrusted with unto those who are entitled thereto, and whenever you judge between people, to judge with justice. 75 Verily, most excellent is what God exhorts you to do: verily, God is all-hearing, all-seeing!
O you who have attained to faith! Pay heed unto God, and pay heed unto the Apostle and unto those from among you 76 who have been entrusted with authority; and if you are at variance over any matter, refer it unto God and the Apostle, 77 if you [truly] believe in God and the Last Day. This is the best [for you], and best in the end. 78
ART THOU NOT aware of those who claim that they believe in what has been bestowed from on high upon thee, [O Prophet,] as well as in what was bestowed from on high before thee, [and yet] are willing to defer to the rule of the powers of evil 79 - although they were bidden to deny it, seeing that Satan but wants to lead them far astray?
And so, whenever they are told, "Come unto that which God has bestowed from on high, and unto the Apostle," thou canst see these hypocrites turn away from thee with aversion. 80
But how [will they fare] when calamity befalls them [on the Day of Judgment] because of what they have wrought in this world 81 - whereupon they will come to thee, swearing by God, "Our aim was but to do good, and to bring about harmony"? 82
As for them - God knows all that is in their hearts; so leave them alone, and admonish them, and speak unto them about themselves in a gravely searching manner:
for We have never sent any apostle save that he should be heeded by God's leave. 83 If, then, after having sinned against themselves, they would but come round to thee and ask God to forgive them - with the Apostle, too, praying that they be forgiven - they would assuredly find that God is an acceptor of repentance, a dispenser of grace.
But nay, by thy Sustainer! They do not [really] believe unless they make thee [O Prophet] a judge of all on which they disagree among themselves, and then find in their hearts no bar to an acceptance of thy decision and give themselves up [to it] in utter self-surrender. 84
Yet if We were to ordain for them, 85 "Lay down your lives," or, "Forsake your homelands," only a very few of them would do it 86 - although, if they did what they are admonished to do, it would indeed be for their own good and apt to strengthen them greatly [in faith],
whereupon We should indeed grant them, out of Our grace, a mighty reward,
and indeed guide them onto a straight way.
For, all who pay heed unto God and the Apostle shall be among those upon whom God has bestowed His blessings: the prophets, and those who never deviated from the truth, and those who [with their lives] bore witness to the truth, and the righteous ones: and how goodly a company are these!
Such is the bounty of God - and none has the knowledge which God has.
O YOU who have attained to faith! Be fully prepared against danger, whether you go to war in small groups or all together. 87
And, behold, there are indeed among you such as would lag behind, and then, if calamity befalls you, say, "God has bestowed His favour upon me in that I was not present with them!"
But if good fortune comes to you from God, such a person 88 is sure to say - just as if there had never been any question of love between you and him -: "Oh, would that I had been with them, and thus had a [share in their] mighty triumph!"
Hence, let them fight in God's cause - all who are willing to barter the life of this world for the life to come: for unto him who fights in God's cause, whether he be slain or be victorious, We shall in time grant a mighty reward.
And how could you refuse to fight 89 in the cause of God and of the utterly helpless men and women and children who are crying, "O our Sustainer! Lead us forth [to freedom] out of this land whose people are oppressors, and raise for us, out of Thy grace, a protector, and raise for us, out of Thy grace, one who will bring us succour!"
Those who have attained to faith fight in the cause of God, whereas those who are bent on denying the truth fight in the cause of the powers of evil. Fight, then, against those friends of Satan: verily, Satan's guile is weak indeed! 90
ART THOU NOT aware of those who have been told, "Curb your hands, 91 and be constant in prayer and render the purifying dues"? But as soon a fighting [in God's cause] is ordained for them, lo, some of them stand in awe of men as one should stand in awe of God - or in even greater awe - and say, "O our Sustainer! Why hast Thou ordained fighting for us? If only Thou hadst granted us a delay for a little while!" Say: "Brief is the enjoyment of this world, whereas the life to come is the best for all who are conscious of God - since none of you shall be wronged by as much as a hair's breadth.
Wherever you may be death will overtake you - even though you be in towers raised high." Yet, when a good thing happens to them, some [people] say, "This is from God," whereas when evil befalls them, they say, "This is from thee [O fellowman]!" 92 Say: "All is from God." What, then, is amiss with these people that they are in no wise near to grasping the truth of what they are told? 93
Whatever good happens to thee is from God; and whatever evil befalls thee is from thyself. 94 AND WE have sent thee [O Muhammad] as an apostle unto all mankind: and none can bear witness [thereto] as God does.
Whoever pays heed unto the Apostle pays heed unto God thereby; and as for those who turn away - We have not sent thee to be their keeper.
And they say, "We do pay heed unto thee" 95 - but when they leave thy presence, some of them devise, in the dark of night, [beliefs] other than thou art voicing; 96 and all the while God records what they thus devise in the dark of night. Leave them, then, alone, and place thy trust in God: for none is a worthy of trust as God.
Will they not, then, try to understand this Qur'an? Had it issued from any but God, they would surely have found in it many an inner contradiction! 97
AND IF any [secret] matter pertaining to peace or war comes within their ken, they 98 spread it abroad - whereas, if they would but refer it unto the Apostle and unto those from among the believers 99 who have been entrusted with authority, such of them as are engaged in obtaining intelligence 100 would indeed know [what to do with] it. And but for God's bounty towards you, and His grace, all but a few of you would certainly have followed Satan.
Fight thou, 101 then, in God's cause - since thou art but responsible for thine own self - and inspire the believers to overcome all fear of death. 102 God may well curb the might of those who are bent on denying the truth: for God is stronger in might, and stronger in ability to deter.
Whoever rallies to a good cause shall have a share in its blessings; 103 and whoever rallies to an evil cause shall be answerable for his part in it: for, indeed, God watches over everything. 104
But when you are greeted with a greeting [of peace], answer with an even better greeting, or [at least] with the like thereof. 105 Verily, God keeps count indeed of all things.
God - save whom there is no deity - will surely gather you all together on the Day of Resurrection, [the coming of] which is beyond all doubt: and whose word could be truer than God's?
How, then, could you be of two minds 106 about the hypocrites, seeing that God [Himself] has disowned them because of their guilt? 107 Do you, perchance, seek to guide those whom God has let go astray - when for him whom God lets go astray thou canst never find any way?
They would love to see you deny the truth even as they have denied it, so that you should be like them. Do not, therefore, take them for your allies until they forsake the domain of evil 108 for the sake of God; and if they revert to [open] enmity, seize them and slay them wherever you may find them. And do not take any of them 109 for your ally or giver of succour,
unless it be such [of them] as have ties with people to whom you yourselves are bound by a covenant, or such as come unto you because their hearts shrink from [the thought of] making war either on you or on their own folk - although, if God had willed to make them stronger than you, they would certainly have made war on you. 110 Thus, if they let you be, and do not make war on you, and offer you peace, God does not allow you to harm them. 111
You will find [that there are] others who would like to be safe from you as well as safe from their own folk, [but who,] whenever they are faced anew with temptation to evil, plunge into it headlong. 112 Hence, if they do not let you be, and do not offer you peace, and do not stay their hands, seize them and slay them whenever you come upon them: for it is against these that We have clearly empowered you [to make war]. 113
AND IT IS not conceivable that a believer should slay another believer, unless it be by mistake. 114 And upon him who has slain a believer by mistake there is the duty of freeing a believing soul from bondage and paying an indemnity to the victim's relations, 115 unless they forgo it by way of charity. Now if the slain, while himself a believer, belonged to a people who are at war with you, 116 [the penance shall be confined to] the freeing of a believing soul from bondage; whereas, if he belonged to a people to whom you are bound by a covenant, [it shall consist of] an indemnity to be paid to his relations in addition to the freeing of a believing soul from bondage. 117 And he who does not have the wherewithal shall fast [instead] for two consecutive months. 118 [This is] the atonement ordained by God: and God is indeed all-knowing, wise.
But whoever deliberately slays another believer, his requital shall be hell, therein to abide; and God will condemn him, and will reject him, and will prepare for him awesome suffering.
[Hence,] O you who have attained to faith, when you go forth [to war] in God's cause, use your discernment, and do not - out of a desire for the fleeting gains of this worldly life - say unto anyone who offers you the greeting of peace, "Thou art not a believer": 119 for with God there are gains abundant. You, too, were once in the same condition 120 - but God has been gracious unto you. Use, therefore, your discernment: verily, God is always aware of what you do.
SUCH of the believers as remain passive 121 - other than the disabled - cannot be deemed equal to those who strive hard in God's cause with their possessions and their lives: 122 God has exalted those who strive hard with their possessions and their lives far above those who remain passive. Although God has promised the ultimate good unto all [believers], yet has God exalted those who strive hard above those who remain passive by [promising them] a mighty reward -
[many] degrees thereof - and forgiveness of sins, and His grace; for God is indeed much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace.
Behold, those whom the angels gather in death while they are still sinning against themselves, [the angels] will ask, "What was wrong with you?" 123 They will answer: "We were too weak on earth." [The angels] will say: "Was, then, God's earth not wide enough for you to forsake the domain of evil?" 124 For such, then, the goal is hell - and how evil a journey's end!
But excepted shall be the truly helpless - be they men or women or children - who cannot bring forth any strength and have not been shown the right way: 125
as for them, God may well efface their sin - for God is indeed an absolver of sins, much-forgiving.
And he who forsakes the domain of evil for the sake of God shall find on earth many a lonely road, 126 as well as life abundant. And if anyone leaves his home, fleeing from evil unto God and His Apostle, and then death overtakes him - his reward is ready with God: for God is indeed much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace.
AND WHEN you go forth [to war] on earth, you will incur no sin by shortening your prayers 127 if you have reason to fear that those who are bent on denying the truth might suddenly fall upon you: 128 for, verily, those who deny the truth are your open foes.
Thus, when thou art among the believers 129 and about to lead them in prayer, let [only] part of them stand up with thee, retaining their arms. Then, after they have finished their prayer, let them provide you cover 130 while another group, who have not yet prayed, shall come forward and pray with thee, being fully prepared against danger and retaining their arms: [for] those who are bent on denying the truth would love to see you oblivious of your arms and your equipment, so that they might fall upon you in a surprise attack. 131 But it shall not be wrong for you to lay down your arms [while you pray] if you are troubled by rain 132 or if you are ill; but [always] be fully prepared against danger. Verily, God has readied shameful suffering for all who deny the truth!
And when you have finished your prayer remember God - standing and sitting and lying down and when you are once again secure, observe you prayers [fully]. Verily, for all believers prayer is indeed a sacred duty linked to particular times [of day].
And be not faint of heart when you seek out the [enemy] host. If you happen to suffer pain, behold they suffer pain even as you suffer it: but you are hoping [to receive] from God what they cannot hope for. And God is indeed all-knowing, wise.
BEHOLD, We have bestowed upon thee from on high this divine writ, setting forth the truth, so that thou mayest judge between people in accordance with what God has taught thee. 133 Hence, do no contend with those who are false to their trust,
but pray God to forgive [them]: 134 behold, God is indeed much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace.
Yet do not argue in behalf of those who are false to their own selves: 135 verily, God does not love those who betray their trust and persist in sinful ways.
They would conceal their doings from men; but from God they cannot conceal them - for He is with them whenever they devise, in the dark of night, all manner of beliefs 136 which He does not approve. And God indeed encompasses [with His knowledge] whatever they do.
Oh, you might well argue in their behalf in the life of this world: but who will argue in their behalf with God on the Day of Resurrection, or who will be their defender?
Yet he who does evil or [otherwise] sins against himself, and thereafter prays God to forgive him, shall find God much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace:
for he who commits a sin, commits it only to his own hurt; 137 and God is indeed all-knowing, wise.
But he who commits a fault or a sin and then throws the blame therefore on an innocent person, burdens himself with the guilt of calumny and [yet another] flagrant sin.
And but for God's favour upon thee and His grace, some of those [who are false to themselves] would indeed endeavour to lead thee astray; yet none but themselves do they lead astray. Nor can they harm thee in any way, since God has bestowed upon thee from on high this divine writ and [given thee] wisdom, and has imparted unto thee the knowledge of what thou didst not know. And God's favour upon thee is tremendous indeed.
NO GOOD comes, as a rule, out of secret confabulations - saving such as are devoted to enjoining charity, or equitable dealings, or setting things to rights between people: 138 and unto him who does this out of a longing for God's goodly acceptance We shall in time grant a mighty reward.
But as for him who, after guidance has been vouchsafed to him, cuts himself off from the Apostle and follows a path other than that of the believers - him shall We leave unto that which he himself has chosen, 139 and shall cause him to endure hell: and how evil a journey's end!
VERILY, God does not forgive the ascribing of divinity to aught beside Him, although He forgives any lesser sin unto whomever He wills: for those who ascribe divinity to aught beside God have indeed gone far astray.
In His stead, they invoke only lifeless symbols 140 - thus invoking none but a rebellious Satan
whom God has rejected for having said, "Verily, of Thy servants I shall most certainly take my due share,
and shall lead them astray, and fill them with vain desires; and I shall command them - and they will cut off the ears of cattle [in idolatrous sacrifice]; and I shall command them - and they will corrupt God's creation!" 141 But all who take Satan rather than God for their master do indeed, most clearly, lose all:
he holds out promises to them, and fills them with vain desires: yet whatever Satan promises them is but meant to delude the mind. 142
Such as these have hell for their goal: and they shall find no way to escape therefrom.
Yet those who attain to faith and do righteous deeds We shall bring into gardens through which running waters flow, therein to abide beyond the count of time: this is, in truth, God's promise - and whose word could be truer than God's?
It may not accord with your wishful thinking - nor with the wishful thinking of the followers of earlier revelation 143 - [that] he who does evil shall be requited for it, and shall find none to protect him from God, and none to bring him succour,
whereas anyone - be it man or woman - who does [whatever he can] of good deeds and is a believer withal, shall enter paradise, and shall not be wronged by as much as [would fill] the groove of a date-stone.
And who could be of better faith than he who surrenders his whole being unto God and is a doer of good withal, and follows the creed of Abraham, who turned away from all that is false - seeing that God exalted Abraham with His love? 144
For, unto God belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on earth; and, indeed, God encompasses everything.
AND THEY will ask thee to enlighten them about the laws concerning women. 145 Say: "God [Himself] lightens you about the laws concerning them" - for [His will is shown] in what is being conveyed unto you through this divine writ about orphan women [in your charge], to whom - because you yourselves may be desirous of marrying them - you do not give that which has been ordained for them; 146 and about helpless children; and about your duty to treat orphans with equity. And whatever good you may do - behold, God has indeed full knowledge thereof.
And if a woman has reason to fear ill-treatment from her husband, or that he might turn away from her, it shall not be wrong for the two to set things peacefully to rights between themselves: for peace is best, and selfishness is ever-present in human souls. But if you do good and are conscious of Him - behold, God is indeed aware of all that you do.
And it will not be within your power to treat your wives with equal fairness, however much you may desire it; 147 and so, do not allow yourselves to incline towards one to the exclusion of the other leaving her in a state, as it were, of having and not having a husband. 148 But if you put things to right and are conscious of Him - behold, God is indeed much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace.
And if husband and wife 149 do separate, God shall provide for each of them out of His abundance: for God is indeed infinite, wise,
and unto God belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on earth. AND, INDEED, We have enjoined upon those who were granted revelation before your time, as well as upon yourselves, to remain conscious of God. And if you deny Him - behold, unto God belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on earth, and God is indeed self-sufficient, ever to be praised.
And unto God belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on earth; and none is as worthy of trust as God.
If He so wills, He can cause you, O mankind, to disappear, and bring forth other beings [in your stead]: for God has indeed the power to do this.
If one desires the rewards of this world, [let him remember that] with God are the rewards of [both] this world and the life to come: and God is indeed all-hearing, all-seeing.
O YOU who have attained to faith! Be ever steadfast in upholding equity, bearing witness to the truth for the sake of God, even though it be against your own selves or your parents and kinsfolk. Whether the person concerned be rich or poor, God's claim takes precedence over [the claims of] either of them. 150 Do not, then, follow your own desires, lest you swerve from justice: for if you distort [the truth], behold God is indeed aware of all that you do!
O you who have attained to faith! Hold fast unto your belief in God and His Apostle, and in the divine writ which He has bestowed from on high upon His Apostle, step by step, as well as in the revelation which He sent down aforetime: 151 for he who denies God, and His angels, and His revelations, and His apostles, and the Last Day, has indeed gone far astray. 152
Behold, as for those who come to believe, and then deny the truth, and again come to believe, and again deny the truth, and thereafter grow stubborn in their denial of the truth 153 - God will not forgive them, nor will He guide them in any way.
Announce thou to such hypocrites that grievous suffering awaits them.
As for those who take the deniers of the truth for their allies in preference to the believers - do they hope to be honoured by them when, behold, all honour belongs to God [alone]? 154
And, indeed, He has enjoined upon you in this divine writ that whenever you hear people deny the truth of God's messages and mock at them, you shall avoid their company until they begin to talk of other things 155 - or else, verily, you will become like them. Behold, together with those who deny the truth God will gather in hell the hypocrites,
who but wait to see what betides you: thus, if triumph comes to you from God, they say, "Were we not on your side?" - whereas if those who deny the truth are in luck, they say [to them], "Have we not earned your affection by defending you against those believers?" 156 But God will judge between you all on the Day of Resurrection; and never will God allow those who deny the truth to harm the believers. 157
Behold, the hypocrites seek to deceive God - the while it is He who causes them to be deceived [by themselves]. 158 And when they rise to pray, they rise reluctantly, only to be seen and praised by men, remembering God but seldom,
wavering between this and that, [true] neither to these nor those. But for him whom God lets go astray thou canst never find any way.
0 you who have attained to faith! Do not take the deniers of the truth for your allies in preference to the believers! Do you want to place before God a manifest proof of your guilt? 159
Verily, the hypocrites shall be in the lowest depth of the fire, and thou wilt find none who could succour them.
But excepted shall be they who repent, and live righteously, and hold fast unto God, and grow sincere in their faith in God alone: for these shall be one with the believers - and in time God will grant to all believers a mighty reward.
Why would God cause you to suffer [for your past sins] if you are grateful and attain to belief - seeing that God is always responsive to gratitude, all-knowing? 160
God does not like any evil to be mentioned openly, unless it be by him who has been wronged [thereby]. 161 And God is indeed all-hearing, all-knowing,
whether you do good openly or in secret, or pardon others for evil [done unto you]: for, behold, God is indeed an absolver of sins, infinite in His power.
VERILY, those who deny God and His apostles by endeavouring to make a distinction between [belief in] God and [belief in] His apostles, and who say, "We believe in the one but we deny the other," 162 and want to pursue a path in-between -
it is they, they who are truly denying the truth: and for those who deny the truth We have readied shameful suffering.
But as for those who believe in God and His apostles and make no distinction between any of them 163 - unto them, in time, will He grant their rewards [in full]. And God is indeed much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace.
THE FOLLOWERS of the Old Testament 164 demand of thee [O Prophet] that thou cause a revelation to be sent down to them from heaven. 165 And an even greater thing than this did they demand of Moses when they said, "Make us see God face to face" - whereupon the thunderbolt of punishment overtook them for this their wickedness. 166 After that, they took to worshipping the [golden] calf - and this after all evidence of the truth had come unto them! None the less, We effaced this [sin of theirs], and vouchsafed unto Moses a clear proof [of the truth],
raising Mount Sinai high above them in witness of their solemn pledge. And We said unto them, "Enter the gate humbly"; 167 and We told them, "Do not break the Sabbath-law"; and We accepted from them a most solemn pledge.
And so, [We punished them 168 ] for the breaking of their pledge, and their refusal to acknowledge God's messages, and their slaying of prophets against all right, and their boast, "Our hearts are already full of knowledge" - nay, but God has sealed their hearts in result of their denial of the truth, and [now] they believe in but few things - ; 169
and for their refusal to acknowledge the truth, and the awesome calumny which they utter against Mary, 170
and their boast, "Behold, we have slain the Christ Jesus, son of Mary, [who claimed to be] an apostle of God!" However, they did not slay him, and neither did they crucify him, but it only seemed to them [as if it had been] so; 171 and, verily, those who hold conflicting views thereon are indeed confused, having no [real] knowledge thereof, and following mere conjecture. For, of a certainty, they did not slay him:
nay, God exalted him unto Himself 172 - and God is indeed almighty, wise.
Yet there is not one of the followers of earlier revelation who does not, at the moment of his death, grasp the truth about Jesus; 173 and on the Day of Resurrection he [himself] shall bear witness to the truth against them.
So, then, for the wickedness committed by those who followed the Jewish faith did We deny unto them certain of the good things of life which [aforetime] had been allowed to them; 174 and [We did this] for their having so often turned away from the path of God, 175
and [for] their taking usury although it had been forbidden to them, and their wrongful devouring of other people's possessions. And for those from among them who [continue to] deny the truth We have readied grievous suffering.
But as for those from among them who are deeply rooted in knowledge, 176 and the believers who believe in that which has been bestowed upon thee from on high as well as that which was bestowed from on high before thee, and those who are [especially] constant in prayer, 177 and spend in charity, and all who believe in God and the Last Day - these it is unto whom We shall grant a mighty reward.
BEHOLD, We have inspired thee [O Prophet] just as We inspired Noah and all the prophets after him - as We inspired Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and their descendants, including Jesus and Job, and Jonah, and Aaron, and Solomon; and as We vouchsafed unto David a book of divine wisdom; 178
and as [We inspired other] apostles whom We have mentioned to thee ere this, 179 as well as apostles whom We have not mentioned to thee; and as God spoke His word unto Moses:
[We sent all these] apostles as heralds of glad tidings and as warners, so that men might have no excuse before God after [the coming of] these apostles: and God is indeed almighty, wise.
However it be, God [Himself] bears witness to the truth of what He has bestowed from on high upon thee: out of His own wisdom has He bestowed it from on high, with the angels bearing witness thereto - although none can bear witness as God does.
Behold, those who are bent on denying the truth and on turning others away from the path of God have indeed gone far astray.
Behold, those who are bent on denying the truth and on evildoing - God will indeed not forgive them, nor will He guide them onto any road
but the road that leads to hell, therein to abide beyond the count of time: and this is indeed easy for God.
O mankind! The Apostle has now come unto you with the truth from your Sustainer: believe, then, for your own good! And if you deny the truth - behold, unto God belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on earth, and God is indeed all-knowing, wise!
O FOLLOWERS of the Gospel! Do not overstep the bounds [of truth] in your religious beliefs, 180 and do not say of God anything but the truth. The Christ Jesus, son of Mary, was but God's Apostle - [the fulfilment of] His promise which He had conveyed unto Mary - and a soul created by Him. 181 Believe, then, in God and His apostles, and do not say, "[God is] a trinity". Desist [from this assertion] for your own good. God is but One God; utterly remote is He, in His glory, from having a son: unto Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on earth; and none is as worthy of trust as God.
Never did the Christ feel too proud to be God's servant, nor do the angels who are near unto Him. And those who feel too proud to serve Him and glory in their arrogance [should know that on Judgment Day] He will gather them all unto Himself:
whereupon unto those who attained to faith and did good deeds He will grant their just rewards, and give them yet more out of His bounty; whereas those who felt too proud and gloried in their arrogance He will chastise with grievous suffering: and they shall find none to protect them from God, and none to bring them succour.
O MANKIND! A manifestation of the truth has now come unto you from your Sustainer, and We have sent down unto you a clear light.
And as for those who have attained to faith in God and hold fast unto Him - He will enfold them within 182 His grace and bounty, and guide them unto Himself by a straight way.
THEY WILL ASK thee to enlighten them. 183 Say: "God enlightens you [thus] about the laws concerning [inheritance from] those who leave no heir in the direct line: If a man dies childless and has a sister, she shall inherit one-half of what he has left, just as he shall inherit from her if she dies childless. But if there are two sisters, both [together] shall have two-thirds of what he has left; and if there are brothers and sisters, 184 then the male shall have the equal of two females' share." God makes [all this] clear unto you, lest you go astray; and God knows everything.