Hamid S. Aziz - Sura: 4. An-Nisa' - The Women

  1. But if you fear that you cannot do justice by orphans, then marry women who seem good to you, two, three, or four; and if you fear that you cannot be equitable to them, then only one, or what your right hands possess (captives, slaves). This is more likely to keep you from injustice.

  2. And give women their dowries freely; and if they of their own will remit any of it, then accept and enjoy it with good cheer.

  3. But give not unto the weak-minded the property which Allah has entrusted to you to maintain; but feed and clothe them from it, and speak words of kindness and justice to them.

  4. Prove orphans until they reach a marriageable age, then, if you perceive in them good judgment, hand over to them their property, and do not consume it wastefully and in haste lest they grow up. And the guardian who is rich, let him abstain from remuneration; but he who is poor, let him have what is just and reasonable. And when you deliver to the orphans their property, then have witnesses in their presence. Allah sufficient in taking account.

  5. Men should have a portion of what their parents and kindred leave, and women should have a portion of what their parents and kindred leave, whether it be little or much, a determinate (legal) portion.

  6. If at the time of division, other relatives, orphans or the poor are present, then bestow on them out of it, and speak to them in words of reason and kindness.

  7. And let those disposing of the property have the same fear as they would have had they left behind offsprings of their own. Let them fear Allah, and speak appropriately (with consideration).

  8. Verily, those who devour the property of orphans unjustly, only devour fire into their bellies, and they shall broil in flames.

  9. Allah instructs you concerning your children; for a male the like of the portion of two females, and if there be more than two women, then let them have two-thirds of the inheritance; and if there be but one, then let her have a half. And as to the parents, to each of them a sixth of what he leaves, if he has a son; but if he have no son, and his parents inherit, then let his mother have a third, and if he have brethren, let his mother have a sixth after any legacy he bequeaths or debt has been paid. Your parents or your children, you know not which of them is nearest to you in usefulness. This is an ordinance from Allah; verily, Allah is Knower and Wise!

  10. And you shall have half of what your wives leave, if they have no child; but if they have a child, then you shall have a fourth of what they leave, after payment of any bequests or debts. And they shall have a fourth of what you leave, if you have no child; but if you have a child, then let them have an eighth of what you leave, after payment of any bequest or debts. And if the man or the woman have a distant heir who is neither parent nor child, and he or she have a brother or sister, then let each of these two have a sixth; but if they are more than two, let them share in a third after payment of any bequest or debts, without prejudice. This is a commandment from Allah, and Allah is Knower and Forbearing!

  11. These are the limits of Allah, and whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger He will make him enter into gardens beneath which rivers flow, and they shall dwell therein for ever; that is the great success.

  12. But whoever rebels against Allah and His Messenger, and transgresses His bounds, He will make him enter into fire, and dwell therein for ever; and for him is shameful woe.

  13. As for those of your women who commit adultery, call witnesses four in number from among yourselves; and if these bear witness, then keep the women in houses until death release them, or Allah shall make for them a new way. (See 24:2-10)

  14. And if two of you commit it, then punish them both; but if they repent and amend, leave them alone, verily, Allah is easily Relenting, Merciful.

  15. Allah is only bound to forgive those who do evil through ignorance and then repent. Surely, these are the ones to whom Allah is relenting. Allah is Knower Wise.

  16. His forgiveness is not for those who do evil until death approaches and then he says, "Now I repent", nor yet for those who die faithless. For such We have prepared a grievous woe.

  17. O you who believe! It is not lawful for you to inherit women against their will; nor to restrain them so that you may take away part of what you gave them, unless they commit flagrant lewdness; but associate with them with kindness and equity, for if you dislike them, it may be that you dislike something wherein Allah has put much good for you.

  18. But if you wish to exchange one wife for another, and have given one of them a dower (money, gold), then take nothing back from it. What! Would you take it by slander and manifest wrong?

  19. How can you take it when one of you has gone in unto the other, and they have taken from you a solemn contract?

  20. And do not marry women your fathers married - except what has already happened - for it is an abominable and hateful practice, and an evil way.

  21. Unlawful for you are your mothers, and your daughters, and your sisters, and your paternal aunts and maternal aunts, and your brother´s daughters, and your sister´s daughters, and your foster mothers, and your foster sisters, and your wive´s mothers, and your step daughters who are your wards, born of your wives to whom you have gone in - but if you have not gone in unto them, then it is no crime in you - and the lawful spouses of your sons of your own loins, and that you have two sisters together - except what has already happened. Verily, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful;

  22. And all married women (are forbidden unto you), save such as your right hands possess (captives of war) - It is a decree of Allah for you. But lawful for you are all beyond these. So seek them with your wealth in honest marriage and not lust. But such of them from whom you seek comfort, give them their portions as a duty; and there is no crime in what you do by mutual agreement after the duty has been done. Verily, Allah is ever Knower and Wise.

  23. But whoever of you cannot marry free women who believe, then marry from what your right hands possess, believing maids; Allah knows best about your faith. You arise one from the other, so marry them with the permission of their people, and give them their portions in kindness and equity, they being chaste and not lecherous, and not of loose conduct. But when they are married, if they commit fornication, then inflict upon them half the penalty for free women; that is for whomsoever of you fears wrong; but that you should have patience is better for you, for Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

  24. Allah wishes to explain to you and to guide you into the ordinances of those who were before you, and would turn towards you in mercy, for Allah is Knowing, Wise.

  25. Allah wishes to turn towards you in mercy, but those who follow their own lusts (desires, prejudices, addictions, superstitions) wish that you should go far astray!

  26. Allah wishes to make the burden light for you, for man was created weak.

  27. O you who believe! Squander not your property amongst yourselves vainly, but use it in trade by mutual consent. And do not destroy yourselves (or kill one another); verily, Allah is ever Merciful unto you.

  28. But whoever does that maliciously and unjustly, we will broil him with Fire; for that is easy with Allah.

  29. If you avoid great sins from which you are forbidden, We will remit (or expel) your lesser offences (or all evil in you) and make you enter a noble gate.

  30. And do not covet that by which Allah has preferred one of you over another. The men shall have what they earn, and the women what they earn; but instead (of envy) ask Allah for His Bounty, verily, Allah is All-Knowing.

  31. To every one have we appointed sharers (heirs, kinfolk, partners) to property left by parents and relatives. And to those with whom you have joined right hands (made pledges, contracts, marriages), give them also their portion. For, verily, Allah is Witness over all things.

  32. Men are qawwam (have charge of, are protectors, maintainers) of women in that Allah hath made them superior in strength (or advantages), and in that they expend of their wealth (in support of women). So virtuous women are devoted (or obedient), careful (in their husband´s) absence, as Allah has cared for them. But those whose perverseness you fear, admonish them (first) and (then) remove them from your bedchambers, and (lastly) chastise them lightly (or punish by showing disapproval, withdrawing affection, separating) ; but if they obey you, then do not seek a way against them; verily, Allah is Exalted and Great.

  33. And if you fear a breach between the two (husband and wife), then appoint an arbiter from his people and an arbiter from her people. If they wish for reconciliation, Allah will arrange between them; verily, Allah is Knower and Aware.

  34. And serve Allah; associate nothing with Him; show kindness to parents, and to kindred, and orphans, and the needy, and to the neighbour who is a kin, and the neighbour who is a stranger, and the fellow traveller, and the wayfarer, and those whom your right hands possess (slaves). Verily, Allah loves not him who is proud and boastful;

  35. Who hoard their wealth and bid men to (or promote) avarice, and who hide what Allah has given them of His Bounty. We have prepared for the disbelievers a shameful woe.

  36. And for those who expend their wealth in alms for appearance sake before men, and who believe not in Allah nor in the last day. Whoever takes Satan for his mate, an evil mate has he.

  37. What harm would it do them if they believed in Allah and in the Last Day, and expended in alms of what Allah has provided them? But Allah has full Knowledge about them.

  38. Verily, Allah would not wrong by the weight of an atom; and if it´s a good work, He will double it and bring from Himself a mighty reward.

  39. What if We bring from every nation a witness, and bring you as a witness against these!

  40. On the day when those who disbelieve and rebel against the Messenger would wish that they were levelled with the earth, but they cannot hide the facts from Allah.

  41. O you who believe! Approach not prayer while you are drunk (or mentally dull), until you know (can understand) what you are saying; nor yet while polluted - unless you are on a journey - until you have washed yourselves. But if you are sick, or on a journey, or one of you come from the toilet, or if you have touched a woman, and you cannot find water, then use clean sand (or earth) and wipe your faces and your hands therewith. Verily, Allah is Benign and Forgiving.

  42. Do you not see those who have been given a portion of the Book? They buy error, and they wish that you may stray from the way!

  43. But Allah knows best who your enemies are, and Allah suffices as a Patron (or protecting friend), and sufficient is Allah as a Helper.

  44. And some Jews change words from their context, and say, "We hear but we disobey"; and "We listen without hearing," and "Ra´hina ("Attend to us")" distorting it with their tongues (to mean "Take us to pasture") and slandering religion. But if only they had said, "We hear and we obey", and "We do hear" and "Do attend to us", it would have been better for them and more upright; but Allah has cursed them for their disbelief, for they will not believe, except a few.

  45. O you who have been given the Book! Believe in what We have revealed, confirming what you had before; ere we deface your faces and turn them into hinder parts, or curse you as we cursed the Sabbath-breakers. The command of Allah´s is always done.

  46. Verily, Allah pardons not associating anything with Him, but He pardons anything short of that, to whomsoever He pleases; but associating anything with Allah is to devise a mighty sin indeed.

  47. Do you not see those who pride themselves for sanctity? Nay, Allah sanctifies whom He will, and they shall not be wronged a straw.

  48. Behold, how they devise lies against Allah, and that is manifest sin enough.

  49. Do you not see those to whom a portion of the Book has been given? They believe in Gibt and Taghut (Idols and False Deities, vain things, sorcery, superstition), and they say of those who disbelieve, "These are better guided in the way than those who believe."

  50. These are those whom Allah has cursed, and whom Allah has cursed no helper shall he find.

  51. Shall they have a portion of the kingdom? Why, even then they would not give to men a jot.

  52. Do they envy man for what Allah has given of His grace? We have given to the House of Abraham the Scripture and Wisdom, and we have given them a mighty kingdom.

  53. And of them are some who believe therein, and of them are some who turn from it, but Hell is flaming enough for them.

  54. Verily, those who disbelieve in Our signs, We will broil them with Fire; whenever their skins are well done, then We will change them for fresh skins, that they may taste the torment. Verily, Allah is Mighty and Wise.

  55. But those who believe and do right, We will make them enter gardens beneath which rivers flow, and they shall dwell therein for ever. For them therein are pure companions; We will admit into a shades, cool and deep.

  56. Verily, Allah bids you repay your trusts to their owners, and when you judge between men to judge with justice. Verily, excellent is what He admonishes you; verily, for Allah is both Hearer and Seer.

  57. O you who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger and those in authority amongst you; and if you dispute (quarrel or argue) about anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you (in truth) believe in Allah and the Last Day; that is better and fairer in the end.

  58. Do you not see those who pretend that they believe in what has been revealed to them, and what was revealed before you; they wish to refer their judgment to Taghut (the Evil One, or False Deities and authorities), but they were bidden to reject him. But Satan wishes to lead them into a remote error.

  59. And when it is said to them, "Come round to what Allah has sent down and unto the Messenger," you see the hypocrites turning from you in aversion.

  60. How then when there befalls them a misfortune through their own actions? Then will they come to you, and swear by Allah, "We meant naught but good and concord (harmony, reconciliation)."

  61. These people - Allah knows the secrets of their heart. Turn you away from them and admonish them, and speak to them words to reach their souls (or about their souls).

  62. We have never sent a messenger save that he should be obeyed by the permission of Allah; and if they, when they have wronged themselves, come to you and ask pardon of Allah, and the Messenger asks pardon for them, then they will find Allah easily Forgiving, Compassionate.

  63. But no! By your Lord! They will not believe, until they have made you judge of what they differ on; then they will not find in themselves any hindrance to what you have decreed, and they will fully surrender.

  64. But had we prescribed for them, "Sacrifice your lives, or leave your homes" they would not have done it, save only a few of them. But had they done what they were told, then it would have been better for them, and more strengthening.

  65. And then We would surely have brought them from Our Presence a mighty reward,

  66. And We would have guided them into the Straight Way.

  67. Whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger, these are in the company of those unto whom Allah has shown favour, of the prophets and saints and martyrs and the righteous; - the fairest company are they.

  68. Such is the Bounty of Allah, and Allah suffices as Knower.

  69. O you who believe! Take your precautions and go forth in groups or all together.

  70. Verily, there are some who tarry behind, and, if a mischance befalls you, they say, "Allah has been gracious to us, since we are not martyrs with them."

  71. But if a fortune from Allah befalls you, they would surely say - as though there were no friendship between you and them - "O would that I had been with you, then I would have achieved a great success!"

  72. Let those then fight in Allah´s way who sell the life of this world for the Hereafter; and whoever fights in Allah´s way, then, be he killed or be he victorious, We will give him a mighty reward.

  73. What ails you that you do not fight in Allah´s way, and for the weak (oppressed) men, women and children, who cry, "Lord, rescue us from this town of oppressive people, and raise for us from Thee a Patron (or protecting friend), and raise for us from Thee a help?"

  74. Those who believe fight in the way of Allah; and those who disbelieve fight in the way of Taghut (The Evil One); fight you then against the friends (supporters, protectors, patrons) of Satan, verily, Satan´s strategies are feeble indeed.

  75. Do you not see those to whom it is said, "Restrain your hands, but be steadfast in prayer and give alms (do charity);" and when it is prescribed for them to fight then, behold, a section of them fear men, with the fear justly due to Allah, or with a still stronger fear, and they say, "Our Lord! Why have you ordered us to fight. Could you not let us abide till our appointed time?" Say, "The enjoyment of this world is but slight (or short), and the Hereafter is better for him who does right. But they shall not be wronged a straw."

  76. "Wherever you be, death will overtake you, though you were in lofty towers." And if a good thing befalls them, they say, "This is from Allah," but if a bad thing, they say, "This is from you (Muhammad)." Say (unto them), "It is all from Allah." What ails these people? They can hardly understand an event.

  77. Whatever befalls you of good (O man) it is from Allah; and whatever befalls you of evil it is from your own soul. We have sent you to (instruct) mankind as a Messenger, and Allah suffices for a witness.

  78. Whoever obeys the Messenger he has obeyed Allah; and he who turns away - We have not sent you as a warder over them.

  79. They say, "Obedience!” But when they sally forth from you, a company of them ponder (meditate, plan, brood) by night over something other than that which you have said; but Allah writes down that over which they ponder. Turn then from them and rely on Allah, for Allah suffices as Trustee.

  80. Do they not meditate on the Quran? If it were from other than Allah they would find in it many a discrepancy (inconsistencies, contradictions).

  81. And when there comes to them a matter of security or fear they broadcast it; but if they had referred it to the Messenger and to those in authority amongst them, then those of them who can think would know it; but were it not for Allah´s grace upon you and His mercy you would have followed Satan, save a few.

  82. Fight, then, in the way of Allah; impose nothing on anyone else but on thyself (or you are responsible only for thyself), and urge on (or rouse, encourage) the believers. Perchance Allah will restrain the violence of those who disbelieve, for Allah is Mightier, severer in punishment.

  83. Whoever intercedes (recommends, promotes, encourages) well in a good cause shall have the reward there from; but he who intercedes (recommends, promotes, encourages) with a bad intercession shall have the like thereof, for Allah oversees all things.

  84. And when you are greeted with a good (courteous, friendly, beneficial) salutation, salute with a better one, or return it; verily, Allah takes account of all things.

  85. Allah! There is no god but He! He will surely assemble you on the Day (of Judgment or Resurrection), about which there is no doubt; Whose word is truer than Allah´s?

  86. What ails you that you have become two parties regarding the hypocrites, when Allah hath cast them back for what they earned? Do you wish to guide those whom Allah hath led astray? Whoever Allah hath led astray you shall surely find for him no path.

  87. They desire that you disbelieve as they disbelieve, that you might be alike; take you not friends from among them until they too flee in Allah´s way; but if they return to enmity, then seize them and kill them wherever you find them, and take from them neither patron nor help.

  88. Save those who join (or take refuge among) a people betwixt whom and you is an alliance, or those who come to you because their heart forbid them from fighting you or fighting their own people. But had Allah pleased He could have given them power over you, and they would surely have fought you. So if they withdraw from you and do not fight you, and offer you peace, then Allah allows you no way against them.

  89. Thee will find others who seek for security from you, and security from their own people; whenever they obtain it, they are tempted back to hostility: but if they retire not from you, nor offer you (guaranteed) peace, nor restrain their hands, then seize them and kill them wherever you find them (be decisive); over these We have given you manifest warrant.

  90. It is not for a believer to kill a believer save by mistake; and whoever kills a believer by mistake then let him free a believing slave and compensation must be paid to his people, unless they remit it as charity. But if he be from a tribe hostile to you and yet a believer, then let him free a believing slave. And if he comes from a people betwixt whom and you there is an alliance, then let the compensation be paid to his folk and let him also free a believing slave. But he who cannot find the means, then let him fast for two consecutive months - a penance this from Allah, for Allah is Knower, Wise.

  91. And whoever kills a believer purposely, his reward is hell for ever. Allah will be wrath with him, and curse him, and prepare for him a mighty woe.

  92. O you who believe! When you go forth in the way of Allah be discriminate, and do not say to him who offers you a salutation, "You art no believer," craving after the goods of this world´s life (wishing to exploit him), for with Allah are abundant spoils! Even so were you before until Allah was gracious to you. Therefore, be you discriminate; verily, Allah is well Informed of what you do.

  93. Not alike are those of the believers who sit at home, except those have a disability, and those who strive in Allah´s way with their wealth and their lives. Allah hath preferred those who strive with their wealth and their lives to those who sit still, by many degrees. To each hath Allah promised good, but Allah hath bestowed on those who strive a greater reward than those who sit still,

  94. Degrees of rank from Him, and pardon and mercy, for Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

  95. Verily, the angels when they take the souls of those who had wronged themselves, they say, "What state were you in?" They say, "We were but weak (and oppressed) in the earth;" They say, "Was not Allah´s earth wide enough for you to flee (migrate) away?" These are those whose resort is hell, an evil journey´s end!

  96. Save for the weak (oppressed) men, and women, and children, who had no means, stratagem or guidance;

  97. These it may be Allah will pardon, for Allah is Clement and Forgiving.

  98. Whoever flees (migrates) in the way of Allah shall find in the earth many a spacious refuge; and he who goes forth from his house, fleeing unto Allah and His prophet, and then death catches him up - his reward becomes incumbent on Allah, and Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

  99. And when you travel about in the earth, it is no crime to you that you shorten your prayer for fear that unbelievers will set upon you. Verily, the unbelievers are your obvious foes.

  100. When you (Muhammad) are amongst them, and stand up to pray with them, then let a party of them stand up with you, and let them take their arms; and when they have finished their prostration (adoration, prayers), let them go to the rear, and let another party who have not yet prayed, come forward and pray with you; and let them take their precautions and their arms. The unbelievers wish that you were careless of your arms and your baggage, that they might turn upon you with a single rush. And it is no crime for you that you lay down your arms if you be annoyed with rain or be sick; but take your precautions. Verily, Allah has prepared for the unbelievers a humiliating punishment.

  101. But when you have fulfiled your prayer, remember Allah standing and sitting and lying; and when you are in safety then be steadfast in prayer; verily, fixed times of prayer have been prescribed for the believers.

  102. And slacken not in pursuit of the enemy; if you suffer they shall surely suffer too, even as you suffer; and you hope from Allah what they cannot hope for! And Allah is Knower, Wise.

  103. Verily, We have revealed to you the Book in truth that you may judge between men by what Allah has shown you; so plead not for (or be used as an advocate by) the treacherous;

  104. But seek Allah´s pardon: Verily, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

  105. And contend (argue) not for those who defraud themselves; for Allah loves not him who is a fraudulent sinner.

  106. They hide themselves from men; but they cannot hide themselves from Allah, for He is in their midst while they brood at night (in darkness or in secret) in words (thoughts, concepts, attitudes) that please Him not; but Allah encompasses all they do!

  107. Here are ye, wrangling for them about this world´s life: - but who shall wrangle with Allah for them on the Day of Judgment, or who shall be their defender?

  108. Yet whoever does evil and wrongs his own soul, and then asks pardon of Allah, shall find Allah Forgiving and Merciful;

  109. Whoever commits (or reaps, earns the wages or consequences of) a wrong (sin, crime), he only commits it against his own soul, for Allah is Knowing, Wise.

  110. And whoever commits a fault or a wrong and throws it on the innocent, he has burdened himself with a falsehood and a manifest crime (sin).

  111. Were it not for Allah´s grace upon you, and His mercy, a party of them would have tried to lead you astray; but they only lead themselves astray; they shall not hurt you at all: for Allah hath sent down upon you the Book and the Wisdom, and taught you what you did not know. Mighty was the Grace of Allah on you.

  112. There is no good in much of their secret conferences; save in his who bids almsgiving, or kindness, or reconciliation between men; and whoever does this, craving the good pleasure of Allah, we will give to him a mighty reward.

  113. But he who severs himself from the prophet after the guidance has been made manifest to him, and follows other than the way of the believers, We will turn on him as he hath turned (appointing for him the path to which he himself has turned); and we will make him reach hell, and a bad journeys end shall it be.

  114. Verily, Allah forgives not associating anything with Him, but He pardons anything short of that, to whomsoever He will; but whoever associates aught with Allah, he hath strayed far into error.

  115. Verily, they (Pagans) call on females deities instead of Him; but they call only on Satan, the rebellious.

  116. Allah cursed him. For he said, "I will take from Thy servants a portion due to me,

  117. And surely I will lead them astray; and I will stir up vain desires within them; and I will order them and they shall surely crop the ears of cattle (superstitious practices); and I will order them and they shall surely alter (or corrupt) Allah´s creation." But he who takes the devil for his patron instead of Allah, he loses with a manifest loss.

  118. He promises them, and stirs up vain desires within them; but the devil promises only to deceive.

  119. These (Satan´s dupes), their resort is hell; they shall not find an escape there from!

  120. But those who believe, and do what is right, We will make them enter into gardens beneath which rivers flow, to dwell therein for ever - It is Allah´s promise in truth; and whose word is truer than Allah´s?-

  121. Not in accordance with your vain desires, nor the vain desires of the people of the Book. He who does evil shall be recompensed therewith, and shall not find for him beside Allah a patron, or a help.

  122. But he who does good works, be it male or female, and believes, they shall enter into Paradise, and they shall not be wronged a jot.

  123. Who has a better religion than he who surrenders himself to Allah, and does good, and follows the faith of Abraham, the upright? Allah took Abraham as a friend.

  124. And to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth, and Allah encompasses all things.

  125. They will ask you for a decision (or instructions) about women; say, "Allah decides for you about them, and so do the Scriptures recited to you (remember them) about female orphans to whom you do not give what is prescribed for them though you are not averse to marrying them; and about the weak (neglected, oppressed and deprived) children; and that you deal fairly with orphans. Whatever good you do, verily, Allah is ever Aware of it."

  126. And if a woman fears from her husband perverseness or aversion (ill-treatment or desertion), it is no crime in them both that they should make terms of amicable settlement, for peace (agreement) is best. But souls are prone to avarice; if you do good (act kindly) and fear Allah (and keep from evil by practicing self-control), Allah is Well-Aware of what you do.

  127. It may be that you will not be able to act equitably to your wives, even though you ardently desire to. But do not turn away from her, leaving her in suspense. If you come to a friendly understanding and avoid evil, then Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

  128. But if they must separate, Allah can provide (make both independent) out of His abundance; for Allah is All-embracing, All-Knowing.

  129. To Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and that is in the earth! We have charged those who have been given the Book before you, and you too, that you fear (respect and do your duty to) Allah. But if you disbelieve, verily, to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and that is in the earth, and Allah is Absolute (free of all wants) and Worthy of all Praise!

  130. Yea, unto Allah belong all things in the heavens and on the earth! And Allah suffices as Defender.

  131. If He will He can destroy you, O mankind! and can create another race (or community, nation); Allah is able to do all that.

  132. He who wishes for a reward in this world, (know that) with Allah is the reward of this world and also of the Hereafter, and Allah is both Hearer and Seer.

  133. O you who believe! Be you steadfast in justice, witnesses for Allah, though it is against yourselves, or your parents, or your kindred, be it rich or poor, for Allah is nearer both than either. Follow not, then, lusts (prejudices, superstitions, passions), so as to act unjustly (or with bias); but if you swerve or turn aside, Allah is well Aware of what you do.

  134. O you who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messengers, and the Book (Scripture) which He hath revealed to His Messenger, and the Book (Scripture) which He sent down before you; for whoever disbelieves in Allah, and His angels, and His Messenger, and the last day, has strayed far into error.

  135. Verily, those who believe and then disbelieve, and then again believe and then disbelieve, and then increase in disbelief, Allah will never pardon them, nor will He guide them in the Way.

  136. Give to the hypocrites the glad tidings that for them is grievous penalty.

  137. Yea, to those who take the disbelievers for their patron rather than believers. Do they crave honour from them? Verily, all honour is with Allah!

  138. He hath revealed this to you in the Book, that when you hear the signs of Allah rejected and mocked, then sit you not down with them until they turn to another topic, for verily, then you would be like them. Verily, Allah will gather the hypocrites and disbelievers into hell together.

  139. Those who lie in wait for you, and if the victory be your s from Allah, say, "Were we not with you?" and if the unbelievers have a chance of success, they say, "Did we not gain an advantage over you, and defend you from the believers?" But Allah shall judge between you on the Day of Resurrection; for Allah will not give the faithless a way against the faithful.

  140. Verily, the hypocrites seek to deceive Allah, but He deceives them; and when they rise up to pray, they rise up lazily to be seen of men, and little do they remember Allah;

  141. Wavering (in distraction) between this and that, (belonging) neither to these nor yet to those! But whomsoever Allah causes to go astray you shall not find for him a Way.

  142. O you who believe! Take not disbelievers for friends rather than believers; do you wish to give Allah a proof (or warrant) against you?

  143. Verily, the hypocrites are in the lowest depths of hell-fire, and you will not find for them a help.

  144. Save those who repent, and do right, and take tight hold on Allah, and are sincere in religion for (or purify religion for) Allah; these are with the believers, and Allah will give to the believers mighty reward.

  145. Why should Allah punish you, if you are grateful and believe? For Allah is Responsive and Aware.

  146. Allah loves not publicity of evil speech, unless one has been wronged; for Allah is Hearer and Knower.

  147. If you do good openly or in secret, or forgive evil, verily, Allah is Forgiving and Powerful!

  148. Verily, those who disbelieve in Allah and His Messengers and desire to make a distinction between Allah and His messengers, and say, "We believe in some and disbelieve in others," and desire to take a midway course between the two,

  149. These are the disbelievers, and We have prepared for disbelievers shameful woe!

  150. But those who believe in Allah and His messengers, and who do not make a distinction between any one of them, to these Allah will give their wages, for Allah is Forgiving and Merciful!

  151. The people of the Book will ask you to bring down for them a book from heaven; but they asked Moses a greater thing than that, for they said, "Show us Allah openly;" but the thunderbolt caught them in their injustice. Then they chose the calf, after what had come to them of manifest signs; but We pardoned that, and gave Moses evident authority.

  152. And We held over them the mountain (Sinai) for their covenant, and said to them, "Enter you the door prostrate (in humility, worship or adoration);" and We said to them, "Transgress not on the Sabbath day", and We took from them a firm covenant.

  153. But then because they broke their covenant, and for their disbelief in Allah´s revelations, and for their killing the prophets undeservedly, and for their saying in defiance, "Our heart are uncircumcised, (Our heart are sufficient wrappings or forskins for Allah´s Words)" - nay, Allah hath stamped on them their disbelief, so that only a few believe -

  154. And because of their disbelief, and because of their utterance of a mighty calumny against Mary;

  155. And because of their boastful saying, "Verily, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah," - but they killed him not, nor did they crucify him, but it was obscured for them (or it appeared so to them). And verily, those who differ about him are in doubt concerning him; they have no knowledge thereof, but only follow a conjecture. Certainly, they slew him not!

  156. Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; for Allah is ever Mighty and Wise!

  157. And there shall not be one of the People of the Book but must believe in him before his death; and on the Day of Judgment he shall be a witness against them.

  158. And because of the iniquity (or injustice) of the Jews, We have forbidden them the good things which We had made lawful for them, and for their much obstructing the way of Allah,

  159. And for their taking usury when We had forbidden it, and for their vain devouring of the wealth of people by false pretences, We have prepared for those of them who disbelieve a grievous woe.

  160. But those amongst them who are firm in knowledge, and the faithful who believe in what is revealed to you , and what was revealed before you, and especially the steadfast in prayer, the givers of alms, the believers in Allah and the Last Day, unto these We will give a mighty reward.

  161. Verily, We have inspired you (Muhammad) as We inspired Noah and the prophets after him, and as We inspired Abraham, and Ishmael, and Jacob, and the tribes, and Jesus, and Job, and Jonas, and Aaron, and Solomon; and to David did We give the Psalms.

  162. Of some messengers We have already told you; and of other messengers We have not told you; But Allah spoke directly to Moses;

  163. Messengers giving glad tidings and warning, that men should have no argument against Allah, after the coming of messengers, for Allah is Mighty, Wise!

  164. But Allah bears witness to what He has revealed to you: He revealed it from His own knowledge, and the angels bear witness too; though Allah is witness enough.

  165. Verily, those who disbelieve and obstruct the way of Allah have strayed in wide error.

  166. Verily, those who disbelieve and do wrong (are unjust), Allah will not pardon them, nor will He guide them on the Way

  167. Save the way to hell, to dwell therein forever; that is easy enough to Allah!

  168. O you people! The Messenger has come to you with truth from your Lord: believe, then, in him, for it is better for you. But if you disbelieve, then (know) that to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth, and Allah is Knower, Wise

  169. O you people of the Book! Do not commit excesses in your religion, nor say against Allah anything save the truth. The Messiah, Jesus the son of Mary, was but the messenger of Allah and His Word, which He cast into Mary and a Spirit from Him; believe then in Allah and His messengers, and say not "Three." Desist! it is better for you. Allah is only one Allah, Glory be to Him, too Exalted is He that He should beget a Son! To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and that is in the earth, and Allah suffices as Defender.

  170. The Messiah does surely not disdain to be a servant of Allah, nor do the angels who are nigh to Him; and whoever disdains His service and is too proud, He will gather them altogether to Himself.

  171. But as for those who believe and do what is right, He will pay their due reward and will give increase to them from His Bounty. But as for those who are disdainful and arrogant, He will punish them with a grievous woe,

  172. Nor will they find, other than Allah, a patron or help.

  173. O you people! Convincing Proof has come to you from your Lord, for We have sent down to you manifest light.

  174. Then those who believe in Allah, and take tight hold of Him, He will admit them into His mercy and Grace; and He will guide them to Himself by a Straight Way.

  175. They ask you for a legal pronouncement; say, "Allah gives you a decision concerning remote kinship." If a man dies and have no child, but have a sister, let her have half of what he leaves; and had she died, he would be her heir, if she have no son. But if there be two sisters, let them both have two thirds of what he leaves; and if there be brethren, both men and women, let the male have like the portion of two females. Allah makes this manifest to you lest you err; for Allah is Knower of all things.

  176. O you who believe! Fulfil all your undertakings (and obligations). Lawful for you are beasts, save what is here announced. Forbidden you is the chase while you are on pilgrimage. Verily, Allah ordains according to His Will and Plan.


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