VERILY, [O Muhammad,] We have laid before thee a manifest victory, 1
so that God might show His forgiveness of all thy faults, past as well as future, 2 and [thus] bestow upon thee the full measure of His blessings, and guide thee on a straight way, 3
and [show] that God will succour thee with [His] mighty succour.
It is He who from on high has bestowed inner peace upon the hearts of the believers, 4 so that seeing that God's are all the forces of the heavens and the earth, and that God is all-knowing, truly wise - they might grow yet more firm in their faith, 5
[and] that He might admit the believers, both men and women, into gardens through which running waters flow, therein to abide, and that He might efface their [past bad] deeds: and that is, in the sight of God, indeed a triumph supreme!
And [God has willed] to impose suffering [in the life to come] on the hypocrites, both men and women, and on those who ascribe divinity to aught beside Him, both men and women: all who entertain evil thoughts about God. 6 Evil encompasses them from all sides, and God's condemnation rests upon them; and He has rejected them [from His grace], and has readied hell for them: and how evil a journey's end!
For, God's are all the forces of the heavens and the earth; and God is indeed almighty, truly wise!
VERILY, [O Muhammad,] We have sent thee as a witness [to the truth], and as a herald of glad tidings and a warner -
so that you [O men] might believe in God and His Apostle, and might honour Him, and rever Him, and extol His limitless glory from morn to evening. 7
Behold, all who pledge their allegiance to thee pledge their allegiance to God: the hand of God is over their hands. 8 Hence, he who breaks his oath, breaks it only to his own hurt; whereas he who remains true to what he has pledged unto God, on him will He bestow a reward supreme.
Those of the bedouin who stayed behind 9 will say unto thee: "[The need to take care of] our chattels and our families kept us busy: do then, [O Prophet,] ask God to forgive us!" [Thus,] they will utter with their tongues something that is not in their hearts. 10 Say: "Who, then, has it in his power to avert from you aught that God may have willed, 11 whether it be His will to harm you or to confer a benefit on you? Nay, but God is fully aware of what you do!
Nay, you thought that the Apostle and the believers would never return to their kith and kin: and this seemed goodly to your hearts. 12 And you entertained [such] evil thoughts because you have always been people devoid of all good!"
Now as for those who will not believe in God and His Apostle - verily, We have readied a blazing flame for all [such] deniers of the truth!
But God's is the dominion over the heavens and the earth: He forgives whomever He wills, and imposes suffering on whomever He wills - and [withal,] He is indeed much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace. 13
As soon as you [O believers] are about to set forth on a war that promises booty, 14 those who stayed behind [aforetime] will surely say, "Allow us to go with you" - [thus showing that] they would like to alter the Word of God. 15 Say: "By no means shall you go with us: God has declared aforetime 16 [to whom all spoils shall belong]." Thereupon they will [surely] answer, "Nay, but you begrudge us [our share of booty]!" Nay, they can grasp but so little of the truth!
Say unto those bedouin who stayed behind: "In time you will be called upon [to fight] against people of great prowess in war: 17 you will have to fight against them [until you die] or they surrender. And then, if you heed [that call], God will bestow on you a goodly reward; but if you turn away as you turned away this time, 18 He will chastise you with grievous chastisement.
No blame attaches to the blind, nor does blame attach to the lame, nor does blame attach to the sick [for staying away from a war in God's cause]; 19 but whoever heeds [the call of] God and His Apostle [in deed or in heart 20 ], him will He admit into gardens through which running waters flow; whereas him who turns away will He chastise with grievous chastisement.
INDEED, well-pleased was God with the believers when they pledged their allegiance unto thee [O Muhammad] under that tree, 21 for He knew what was in their hearts; and so He bestowed inner peace upon them from on high, and rewarded them with [the glad tiding of] a victory soon to come 22
and [of] many war-gains which they would achieve: for God is indeed almighty, wise.
[O you who believe!] God has promised you many war-gains which you shall yet achieve; and He has vouchsafed you these [worldly gains] well in advance, 23 and has stayed from you the hands of [hostile] people, so that this [your inner strength] may become a symbol to the believers [who will come after you 24 ], and that He may guide you all on a straight way.
And there are yet other [gains] which are still beyond your grasp, 25 [but] which God has already encompassed [for you]: for God has the power to will anything.
And [now,] if they who are bent on denying the truth should fight against you, they will indeed turn their backs [in flight], and will find none to protect them and none to bring them succour: 26
such being God's way which has ever obtained in the past - and never wilt thou find any change in God's way! 27
And He it is who, in the valley of Mecca, stayed their hands from you, and your hands from them, after He had enabled you to vanquish them; and God saw indeed what you were doing. 28
[It was not for your enemies' sake that He stayed your hands from them: 29 for] it was they who were bent on denying the truth, and who debarred you from the Inviolable House of Worship 30 and prevented your offering from reaching its destination. 31 And had it not been for the believing men and believing women [in Mecca], whom you might have unwittingly trampled underfoot, 32 and on whose account you might have become guilty, without knowing it, of a grievous wrong -: [had it not been for this, you would have been allowed to fight your way into the city: but you were forbidden to fight 33 ] so that [in time] God might admit to His grace whomever He wills. 34 Had they [who deserve Our mercy and they whom We have condemned] been clearly discernible [to you], 35 We would indeed have imposed grievous suffering [at your hands] on such of them as were bent on denying the truth.
Whereas they who are bent on denying the truth harboured a stubborn disdain in their hearts - the stubborn disdain [born] of ignorance 36 - God bestowed from on high His [gift of] inner peace upon His Apostle and the believers, and bound them to the spirit of God-consciousness: 37 for they were most worthy of this [divine gift], and deserved it well. And God has full knowledge of all things.
Indeed, God has shown the truth in His Apostle's true vision: 38 most certainly shall you enter the Inviolable House of Worship, if God so wills, in full security, with your heads shaved or your hair cut short, 39 without any fear: for He has [always] known that which you yourselves could not know. 40 And He has ordained [for you], besides this, a victory soon to come. 41
He it is who has sent forth His Apostle with the [task of spreading] guidance and the religion of truth, to the end that He make it prevail over every [false] religion; and none can bear witness [to the truth] as God does. 42
MUHAMMAD is God's Apostle; and those who are [truly] with him are firm and unyielding 43 towards all deniers of the truth, [yet] full of mercy towards one another. 44 Thou canst see them bowing down, prostrating themselves [in prayer], seeking favour with God and [His] goodly acceptance: their marks are on their faces, traced by prostration. 45 This is their parable in the Torah as well as their parable in the Gospel: 46 [they are] like a seed that brings forth its shoot, and then He strengthens it, so that it grows stout, and [in the end] stands firm upon its stem, delighting the sowers.... [Thus will God cause the believers to grow in strengh,] so that through them He might confound 47 the deniers of the truth. [But] unto such of them as may [yet] attain to faith and do righteous deeds, God has promised forgiveness and a reward supreme. 48