Asad - Sura: 59. Al-Hashr - The Banishment

  1. ALL THAT IS in the heavens and all that is on earth extols God's limitless glory: for He alone is almighty, truly wise.

  2. He it is who turned out of their homes, at the time of [their] first gathering [for war], such of the followers of earlier revelation as were bent on denying the truth. 1  You did not think [O believers] that they would depart [without resistance] - just as they thought that their strongholds would protect them against God: but God came upon them in a manner which they had not expected, 2  and cast terror into their hearts; [and thus] they destroyed their homes by their own hands as well as the hands of the believers. 3  Learn a lesson, then, O you who are endowed with insight!

  3. And had it not been for God's having ordained banishment for them, He would indeed have imposed [yet greater] suffering on them in this world: still, in the life to come there awaits them suffering through fire:

  4. this, because they cut themselves off from God and His Apostle: 4  and as for him who cuts himself off from God and His Apostle - verily, God is severe in retribution!

  5. Whatever [of their] palm trees you may have cut down, [O believers,] or left standing on their roots, was [done] by God's leave, 5  and in order that He might confound the iniquitous.

  6. Yet [remember:] whatever [spoils taken] from the enemy 6  God has turned over to His Apostle, you did not have to spur horse or riding-camel for its sake: 7  but God gives His apostles mastery over whomever He wills - for God has the power to will anything.

  7. Whatever [spoils taken] from the people of those villages God has turned over to His Apostle [all of it] belongs to God and the Apostle, 8  and the near of kin [of deceased believers], and the orphans, and the needy, and the wayfarer, 9  so that it may not be [a benefit] going round and round among such of you as may [already] be rich. Hence, accept [willingly] whatever the Apostle 10  gives you [thereof], and refrain from [demanding] anything that he withholds from you; and remain conscious of God: for, verily, God is severe in retribution.

  8. [Thus, part of such war-gains shall be given] to the poor among those who have forsaken the domain of evil: 11  those who have been driven from their homelands and their possessions, seeking favour with God and [His] goodly acceptance, and who aid [the cause of] God and His Apostle: it is they, they who are true to their word!

  9. And [it shall be offered, too, unto the poor from among] those who, before them, 12  had their abode in this realm and in faith - [those] who love all that come to them in search of refuge, and who harbour in their hearts no grudge for whatever the others may have been given, but rather give them preference over themselves, even though poverty be their own lot: 13  for, such as from their own covetousness are saved - it is they, they that shall attain to a happy state! 14 

  10. And so, they who come after them 15  pray: "O our Sustainer! Forgive us our sins, as well as those of our brethren who preceded us in faith, and let not our hearts entertain any unworthy thoughts or feelings against [any of] those who have attained to faith. O our Sustainer! Verily, Thou art compassionate, a dispenser of grace!"

  11. ART THOU NOT aware of how those who would always dissemble [their real feelings] 16  speak to their truth-denying brethren from among the followers of earlier revelation: 17  "If you are driven away, we shall most certainly go forth with you, and shall never pay heed to anyone against you; and if war is waged against you, we shall most certainly come to your succour." But God bears witness that they are most flagrantly lying:

  12. [for] if those [to whom they have pledged themselves] are indeed driven away, they will not go forth with them; and if war is waged against them, they will not come to their succour; and even if they [try to] succour them, they will most certainly turn their backs [in flight], and in the end will [themselves] find no succour.

  13. Nay, [O believers,] you arouse in their bosoms a fear more intense than [even their fear of] God: this, because they are people who fail to grasp the truth. 18 

  14. Never will they fight you, [even] in unison, otherwise than from within fortified strongholds or from behind walls. 19  Severe is their warlike discord among themselves: thou wouldst think that they are united, whereas [in fact] their hearts are at odds [with one another]: this, because they are people who will not use their reason. 20 

  15. [To both kinds of your enemies, 21  O believers, is bound to happen] the like of [what happened to] those who, a short while before them, had to taste the evil that came from their own doings, 22  with [yet more] grievous suffering awaiting them [in the life to come]:

  16. the like of [what happens] when Satan says unto man, "Deny the truth!" - but as soon as [man] has denied the truth, [Satan] says, "Behold, I am not responsible for thee: behold, I fear God, the Sustainer of all the worlds!" 23 

  17. Thus, in the end, both [the deniers of the truth and the hypocrites] 24  will find themselves in the fire, therein to abide: for such is the recompense of evildoers.

  18. O YOU who have attained to faith! Remain conscious of God; and let every human being look to what he sends ahead for the morrow! And [once again]: Remain conscious of God, for God is fully aware of all that you do;

  19. and be not like those who are oblivious of God, and whom He therefore causes to be oblivious of [what is good for] their own selves: [for] it is they, they who are truly depraved! 25 

  20. Not equal are those who are destined for the fire and those who are destined for paradise: those who are destined for paradise - it is they, they [alone] who shall triumph [on Judgment Day]!

  21. HAD WE bestowed this Qur'an from on high upon a mountain, thou wouldst indeed see it humbling itself, breaking asunder for awe of God. 26  And [all] such parables We propound unto men, so that they might [learn to] think.

  22. GOD IS HE save whom there is no deity: the One who knows all that is beyond the reach of a created being's perception, as well as all that can be witnessed by a creature's senses or mind: 27  He, the Most Gracious, the Dispenser of Grace.

  23. God is He save whom there is no deity: the Sovereign Supreme, the Holy, the One with whom all salvation rests, 28  the Giver of Faith, the One who determines what is true and false, 29  the Almighty, the One who subdues wrong and restores right, 30  the One to whom all greatness belongs! Utterly remote is God, in His limitless glory, from anything to which men may ascribe a share in His divinity!

  24. He is God, the Creator, the Maker who shapes all forms and appearances! 31  His [alone] are the attributes of perfection. 32  All that is in the heavens and on earth extols His limitless glory: for He alone is almighty, truly wise!


Sura 58Sura 60