ALL type of perfect and true praise belongs to Allâh who created the heavens and the earth and brought into being all kinds of darkness and the light. Yet, inspite of this, those who disbelieve ascribe equals to their Lord.
It is He Who created you from clay, then He determined a term (of this life); and there is (yet another) term (of the life of the life of the Hereafter) stated with Him, still you dispute (being doubtful about the Resurrection).
And He is Allâh Who alone (exercises every authority) in the heavens and in the earth. He knows you inside and outside, and He knows what you accomplish (by way of your deeds, good or bad).
(And as for the people) there comes to them no Message of the Messages of there Lord but they turn away from it.
So they have already cried lies to this perfect truth when it came to them, but soon there shall come to them the news of ( the fulfillment of the prophecies) that they have been taking very lightly.
Have these people not considered how many generations We destroyed before them to whom We had given so firm a hold and power on the earth, such a firm hold as We have not given you? And We sent clouds over them pouring down abundant rain, and We caused rivers to flow subject to their command and control. Yet We destroyed them owing to their sins and raised other generations after them.
And if We had sent down to you a book (written) on parchment and they had touched it with their own hands, (even then those who have disbelieved would have invariably said, `This is nothing but a fascinating device to cut off (from the people).´
And they said, `(If the Prophet is true and sincere in his claim) why has not an angel been sent down to (help) him?´ But if We had sent down an angel the matter would have been decided, then they would not have been respited.
And had We appointed him (-this Messenger) from among the angels. We would surely have made him (appear as) a man and (even in that case) We would have obscured that which they are themselves obscuring now.
(O Muhammad!) certainly Messengers have been treated scornfully before you but that (prophecy of the ultimate success of the Messenger) which they held in scorn recoiled on those who had held (the prophecy) in scorn.
Say, `Go about in the land and see how (evil) was the end of those who treated (the Prophets) as liars.
Ask (them), `To whom belongs all that lies in the heavens and in the earth?´ Then (since they will not be able to answer), say, `(It belongs) to Allâh.´ He has taken upon Himself (the rule of) mercy (so He does not take the sinners to task immediately). He will continue to assemble you together till the Day of Resurrection. There is no doubt in it. Yet those who have lost their souls will not believe.
To Him belongs whatever exists in the darkness of the night and (whatever dwells in) the light of the day. And He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.
Say, `Shall I take to myself a patron other than Allâh, the Originator of the heavens and the earth? It is He Who feeds but is fed by none.´ Say, `I have surely been commanded that I be the first of those who submit (to God).´ (It has been said to them,) `Be not of those who associate partners with Allâh.´
Say, `If I disobey my Lord, I fear the punishment of the dreadful Day.´
He, from whomsoever this (punishment) is averted on that Day, (God) indeed has mercy on him, an obvious achievement is that!
If Allâh afflicts you with some harm, then no one can remove it but He. But if He bestows upon you a favour, remember that He is the Possessor of every power to do all that He will.
And He is the All-Dominant over His servants. And He is the All-Wise, the All-Aware.
Ask, `Who is the best (witness) in respect of bearing testimony?´ Say, `It is Allâh, He is Witness between me and you, and this Qur´ân has been revealed to me so that I may thereby warn you and all those whom it may reach (against the evil consequences of disbelief and misdeeds)´ What (do you say)? Do you in fact bear witness that there are other gods besides Allâh? Say, `I do not bear witness thereto.´ Say (moreover), `The fact is that He is the One and Only God; and surely I am sick and quit all those whom you associate (with Him).´
Those whom We have given this perfect Book recognise him (-the Prophet Muhammad) as they recognise their own sons. Yet those who have lost their souls will not believe.
Who is more unjust than he who forges a lie in the name of Allâh or who cries lies to His Messages. Verily, such wrongdoers will never attain the goal.
(Beware of) the Day when We shall gather them all together, then We shall say to those who associate partners (with Us), `Where are (now) your associate-gods about whom you used to assert (as gods)?´
(On that Day) they would have no excuse, but that they would say, `By Allâh, Our Lord, we were never polytheists.´
Look! how they lie against themselves, and those (associate-gods) which they used to forge shall fail them.
Some of these (disbelievers pretend to) listen to you but We have put veils over their hearts (due to their own hard-heartedness) that they do not understand and there is heaviness in their ears (to listen to the truth). Even if they see every sign (of Ours), they would not believe therein: (their hard-heartedness has reached) such an extent that when they come to you, they dispute with you. Those who disbelieve say, `This (Qur´ân) is nothing but fables of the ancients.´
They deter (others) from (believing in) this (Qur´ân) and (themselves too) keep away from it, yet it is their own ruin that they bring about (by such things), only they do not perceive (it).
Could you but see (them) when they are made to stand before the Fire (making a full appraisal of it). They will say then, `Oh! would that we could be sent back (to have a chance to mend our ways), then we would not cry lies to the revelations of our Lord and would be of the believers.´
Nay, it is only that this (-treachery of theirs) which they had been hiding before, must have (now) become obvious to them. Yet, even though if they were sent back they would again return to that which they were prohibited from. They are most certainly liars.
And they say, `There is no life beyond this our present life. And we shall never be raised again.´
And could you but see when they are made to stand before their Lord, (He) will say, `Is not this (Resurrection) true?´ They shall say, `Yes, indeed, by Our Lord, it is!´ He will say, `Suffer then the punishment as a result of your disbelief.´
Those who cried lies to (the news of) meeting Allâh have indeed suffered a loss; (they will go on denying it) until the Hour (of Resurrection) overtakes them unaware. They will then say, `Woe to Us, for our neglecting it (-the Hour, in our life).´ And they shall be bearing the burdens (of their sins) on their backs. Behold! how evil is the burden they shall bear.
The life of this world is nought but a futile and frivolous thing causing diversion (from God). And certainly, the last abode is the best for those who guard against evil. Have you no sense?
We know full well that what they say (by way of denying Our Messages) grieves you, yet surely it is not you that they cry lies to, but it is the Messages of Allâh that these wrongdoers are deliberately rejecting.
Indeed, Messengers have already been cried lies to even before you, but they patiently persevered inspite of their having been rejected and persecuted till Our help came to them. None can alter the decrees of Allâh. There has already come to you some of the news of the Messengers (gone before).
If their (-of the disbelievers) turning away in aversion is hard on you (to bear) then you may, if you can, seek a tunnel into the earth or a ladder into the heaven and then bring them some sign (to bring all to guidance); but if Allâh had willed, He could surely have brought them all together (by force) to the guidance, so do not be of those who lack knowledge.
Only those who listen respond (to the truth). And as for the (spiritually) dead Allâh will raise them to life (after their being buried in graves,) they shall then be made to return to Him.
And they say, `Why has not a sign (asked for) been revealed to him by his Lord?´ Say, `Surely, Allâh has power and is Appraiser (as to how and when) to send down a sign, but most of them know (it) not.´
There is no terrestrial creature (that crawls) in the earth nor a bird that flied (in the air) with its two wings but (they are) creatures like you, (all subject to the Divine Laws). We have neglected nothing in (Our) this perfect Book (of law). Then to their Lord shall they all be gathered.
And those who cry lies to Our signs are deaf and dumb, (grouping) in utter darkness. Allâh allows to perish whom He will. And whom He will, He sets on the right and exact path.
Say, `Do you ever consider if the punishment of Allâh comes upon you or the (promised) Hour overtakes you, will you (then) call upon (any god) other than Allâh, if what you say be true?
`Nay, but you will call upon Him alone, then He will, if He please, relieve (you) of that distress for (the removal of) which you called upon Him; and you will abandon those (false gods) which you associate with Him.´
We have already sent (Messengers) towards the communities before you, then (on their rejecting the Messengers) We afflicted them with destitution, calamities and adversities so that they might become humble (before Us).
Why did they not then, when Our punishment overtook them, grow humble? (It was for the fact that) their hearts had hardened and satan had made their deeds seem fair to them.
Then, when they abandoned that whereof they had been reminded, We opened to them the gates of everything. Until when they began to boast over what they were given, We seized them unawares; then behold! they were in sore despair (of all good).
In this way the last remnants of these people who had acted wrongfully were completely rooted out. (So it proved that) all perfect and true praise belongs to Allâh, the Lord of the worlds.
Say, `Have you ever considered if Allâh were to take away your hearing and your sight and set a seal upon your hearts, what god other than Allâh can restore these (boons) to you?´ See how We expound (multiple) arguments in diverse ways. Yet they turn away thereafter.
Say, `Did you ever consider if Allah´s punishment were to overtake you unaware or (after) manifest (warnings), would any be destroyed except the wrongdoing people?´
And We send not the Messengers but as Bearers of good tidings (to believers and doers of good) and as Warners (to disbelievers and evil doers) then whsoever believes and mends his ways will have no cause of fear, nor shall they grieve.
But those who cry lies to Our Messages shall be punished because of their disobedience.
Say, `I do not say to you that with me are the treasures of Allâh, nor do I know the unseen; and I do not say to you (that) I am an angel. I indeed follow only what is revealed to me.´ Say, `Can a blind person and one gifted with sight be alike?´ Will you not even then give thought?
So warn by means of this (Qur´ân) those who fear that they shall be gathered to their Lord, besides Whom they have neither a protector nor any intercessor, so (warn them) that they may guard against evil.
And do not drive away those who call upon their Lord morning and evening seeking His pleasure. No responsibility lies on you on their account and no responsibility whatsoever lies on them on your account that you should drive them away. In case (you do it) you would be counted as the unjust.
In this way have We made a distinction in some of them from the other with the result that they say, `Are these the ones whom Allâh has favoured (by choosing them) from among us?´ Does not Allâh know best the grateful?
When those who believe in Our Messages come to you, say, `Peace be upon you. Your Lord has taken upon Himself (the rule of) mercy, so that whoso from among you commits evil through lack of knowledge then turns (for mercy towards his Lord) thereafter and mends his ways, then (his Lord forgives him because) He is Great Protector, Ever Merciful.´
That is how We expound Our arguments (that you may seek Allah´s mercy) and that the way of those who cut their ties (with God) may be exposed.
Say, `I am strictly forbidden to worship those (false gods) whom you call upon besides Allâh.´ Say, `I do not follow your caprices. In that case I would have certainly become lost, and I would not have been of the guided ones.´
Say, `Surely, I take my stand upon clear guidance from my Lord while you have cried lies to it. I have no power over that (punishment) which you seek to hasten before its (fixed time. The judgment rests with none but Allâh. He declares the true judgment and He is the Best of deciders (as to whom, when and how to punish).´
Say, `If I had power over that which you seek to hasten before its (appointed) time, the matter would have been decided between you and me. And Allâh knows best the unjust (and He also knows when to punish them).´
All the treasures of the unseen lie at His disposal. No one knows them but He; He knows whatsoever is in the land and in the sea. There falls not a single leaf but He knows it, nor is there a grain in the dark beds of the earth, nor anything fresh or dry but all is recorded in a clear book (-in God´s perfect knowledge).
It is He Who takes your soul by night (in sleep) and He knows what you have done by day, yet He raises you up therein that the term stated (for your life) may be completed. Then to Him is your return, then He will inform you plainly about your deeds.
And He is the All-Dominant over His servants, and He goes on sending guardians to watch over you. When death comes to one of you, Our messengers (-the angels) take away his soul. They neglect (their duty) in no way.
Then they shall all be made to return to Allâh, their Master the only True One. Surely, His is the judgment, He is the Swiftest of the reckoners.
Say, `Who delivers you from the horrors of the land and the sea when you call upon Him in humility and in open supplication (saying), "If He delivers us from this (hardship) we shall ever be grateful (to Him)>"´
Say, `It is Allâh who delivers you from these (horrors) and from every calamity, still you associate partners (with Him).´
Say, `He has power to send upon you a calamity from above and from beneath your feet or He may throw you into confusion by making you confront with conflicting parties, and make you taste the dissension (and violence) of one another.´ Behold! how We explain Our Messages in different ways so that they may give thought.
Your people have cried lies to this (Qur´ân), though it is the truth. Say, `I am not responsible for your affairs.´
For (the fulfillment of) every prophecy there is an appointed time, and it will not go beyond that, and soon you will come to know (its truth).
And when you see those who engage in vain discourse about Our Messages, turn away from them, until they engage in a topic other than that. And if satan should make you forget this (advice of Ours), then sit no more, after (its) recollection, with such wrong-doers.
Those who guard against evil are not in the least accountable for these (evil doers). They are only to admonish (them) so that they may too guard against evil.
And leave alone those who take their religion as a futile and frivolous thing causing diversion (from Allâh). Present life has beguiled them, therefore go on admonishing (such people) by means of this (Qur´ân) lest a soul should be consigned to perdition because of its misdeeds. There is no patron for it (-the soul) apart from Allâh, nor intercessor, and even if it may offer every compensation it will not be accepted from it. It is these who are destroyed for what they accomplished. There awaits them a drink of boiling water and a grievous punishment because they disbelieved.
Say, `Shall we call, besides Allâh, upon that which can neither profit us nor harm us (by itself), and shall we be turned back on our heels (and led astray) after Allâh has guided us, like one whom the evil ones have made to follow his caprices (leaving him) utterly bewildered in the land; (whilst) he has companions who call him to the guidance (of Allâh, saying), "Come to us".´ Say, `Verily Allah´s guidance is the only perfect guidance. And we are commanded (by Him) to submit to the Lord of the worlds.´
`And (we are also commanded by Him,) "Observe Prayer and take Him as a shield. And it is He to Whom you shall all be gathered".´
It is He Who has created the heavens and the earth to suit the requirements of truth and wisdom. The day He says, `Be´, it (-the Resurrection) shall come to be. His Word is bound to be carried out. To Him belongs the sovereignty on the day when the trumpet will be blown (for spiritual awakening in this world and for physical Resurrection in the Hereafter). He is the Knower of all the hidden realities and the seen. And He is the All-Wise, the All-Aware.
(Recall the time) when Abraham said to his sire, âzar, `Do you worship idols as gods? Surely, I see you and your people (steeped) in clear error.´
Thus (for his pure and noble nature) We have been showing Abraham, the sole kingdom (of Ours) of the heavens and the earth (to grant him an insight into the Divine laws of nature). And (We did it) that he might be of those who are firmly convinced.
Then (after being convinced of Our unity once on the occasion of a debate on the topic) when the night darkened over him, he saw a planet. He said (on seeing it to the idol-worshippers), `Is this my Lord (as you assert)?´ But when it set he said, `I do not love the setting ones (to accept as my God).´
Then when he saw the moon rise with spreading light he said (to the people), `Is this my Lord (as you assert)?´ But when it set he said, `Had my Lord not guided me aright I would have, invariably, been of the people who have gone astray.´
And when he saw the sun rise with spreading light (he said to them), `Is this my Lord (as you assert, as) this is the biggest? But when it (also) set he said, `O my people! I am surely (sick and) quit of that you associate (with Him).
`Surely, I have turned myself with devotion and in a most upright manner to Him Who originated the heavens and the earth. I have never been of the polytheists.´
His people tried to overpower him in argument, he said, `Do you argue with me regarding Allâh, when He (Himself) has already guided me aright? And I fear not, in anyway, the things you worship besides Him, unless it is my Lord Who wills some (harm to me, it is a different) thing. My Lord comprehends all things in His knowledge. Will you not even then take admonition?
`How (and why) should I fear (the things) that you associate with Him, while you are not afraid that you have associated those things with Allâh for (the worship of) which He has given you no authority>´ Which of the two parties then (of the monotheists and polytheists) is better entitled to security (and salvation) if you truly know?
It is only those who believe and have not polluted their faith with associating partners with Allâh, to whom belongs peace (and salvation). It is these alone who are rightly guided.
That was Our argument with which We equipped Abraham against his people. We raise, in degrees of rank, whom We will. Verily, your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing.
And We granted him Isaac and Jacob, each one We guided aright, and Noah did We guide before. And of his descendants, We guided David, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses and Aaron. In this way do We reward the performers of good to others.
And (We guided) Zachariah, John, Jesus and Elias, every one (of them) was of the righteous.
And (We also guided) Ismâîl and Elisha and Jonah and Lot - and every one did We exalt above their people.
And (We exalted men) from among their fathers and their descendants and their brethren. We chose them and We guided them along the exact right path.
That is the guidance of Allâh, He guides by it such of His servants as He will. But if they has associated partners (with Him in their worship), surely all their deeds would have gone in vain.
It is these (Messengers) to whom We gave the Scripture, the decisive authority and the prophethood. But if these (the so called preservers of the Book) reject these (blissful things - the Book, the authority and the prophecy, it matters little) for We have now entrusted them to a people (-the Muslims) who are not at all ungrateful for these (blessings).
It is these whom Allâh has guided; so follow their guidance. Say, `I ask you no reward for bringing this (guidance). This is nought but a reminder for all mankind.
They (-the deniers) have not appreciated Allâh with the true honour due to Him when they said, `Allâh has not revealed anything to any human being.´ Say, `Who had revealed the Scripture which Moses brought; a light and guidance for the people, (though) you render it as scraps of paper, (some of) which you show while the major portion you hide, whereas you have been taught (through) that which you did not know, neither you, nor your forefathers?´ Say, `Allâh (revealed it).´ Then leave them amusing themselves in their vain discourse.
And (similar to the Torah is) this splendid Book which We have revealed, full of blessings, completing (in a comprehensive from all the Divine Messages) which were before it, and (is revealed) that you may warn (the people of) this centre of cities (-the Makkans) and (the people of the places) all around it (-the people of the whole world). And those who believe in the Hereafter believe also in this (Qur´ân), and they are most careful about (performing) their Prayer.
Who is more unjust than the person who fabricates a lie in the name of Allâh deliberately or says, `A revelation has been sent to me,´ while nothing has been revealed to him, and the person who says, `I will (also) bring down the like what Allâh has sent down?´ Could you but see the wrongdoers when they are in the agonies of death and when the angels would lay down their hands on them saying, `Give up your souls. This day you shall be given a disgraceful punishment on account of that falsehood which you uttered regarding Allâh wrongfully and (because) you disdained His revelations.´
(God will say on that day,) `How is it that you have come to Us all alone as We created you in the first instance and you have left that which We put in your charge (in the world) behind yourselves, and We do not see with you your intercessors whom you (falsely asserted that they were (Our) partisans in (the disposal of) matters relating to you. Indeed the ties between you (and your false deities) are now cut off and the things you falsely asserted (to be gods) have failed you.´
Verily, it is Allâh Who splits the (seed) grains and (fruit) stones. He bring forth the living out of the lifeless and He brings forth the lifeless out of the living. Such is Allâh, wherefore then are you turned back.
He is the cleaver of the daybreak (from the dark of the night), and He has made the night for rest, and the sun and the moon for reckoning (of time). That is the decree of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing.
It is He Who has made the stars for you that you may follow the right course with their help in the darkness of the land and the sea. We have certainly explained (Our) commandments in detail for a people who would know.
It is He Who has evolved you from one living entity, then (He provided for you) a permanent abode (from the grave to the final abode of bliss) and a temporary lodging (from the loins of the father to the grave). Verily, We have explained (Our) signs in detail for a people who would understand.
It is We Who pour down water from the clouds and then We bring forth every kind of vegetation, then We bring forth therefrom green foliage from which We produce clustered grain. And (We bring forth) from the date-palm out of its spathes bunches (of dates) hanging low and (We bring forth) gardens of vines and olives and pomegranate - similar (in kind) yet dissimilar (from one another in variety). Look at them when they bear fruit and look also how they ripen. Verily, in all this there are signs for a people who would believe.
Yet they ascribe to Allâh as (His) associates the jinns, although He has created them also. And they falsely ascribe to Him sons and daughters without any knowledge. Glory be to Him. And He is far beyond and above all the things that they attribute (to Him).
He is Wonderful and Primary Originator of the heavens and the earth! How (and whence) can there be a son for Him, when He has no consort? He has created all things and He has perfect knowledge of everything.
Such is Allâh, your Lord! there is no other, cannot be and will never be One worthy of Worship but He, the Creator of all things; therefore worship Him, for He is the Disposer of all affairs.
The physical vision comprehends Him not, but He comprehends all visions, He is the All-Subtle Being (incomprehensible and imperceptible), the All-Aware.
(Say,) `There has already come to you enlightenment and clear proofs from your Lord, then whosoever sees clearly (and is enlightened), it is for his own good, and whosoever chooses to remain blind, it is to his own loss. I am not a guardian over you (as I should ward off all evil by force).´
Thus do We explain Our revelations in diverse ways (that the truth might become evident), but (its one result is) that they (-the disbelievers) will say (to the Prophet), `You have learnt well and diligently (from previous Scripture); but (We vary the revelations) that it may be a clear explanation from Us to the people who have knowledge.
Follow what has been revealed to you from your Lord, there is no other, cannot be and will never be One worthy of worship but He; and turn away from the polytheists.
If Allâh had (enforced) His will, they would not have associated partners with Him. And We have not made you a guardian over them, nor are you a disposer of their affairs.
Do not revile those whom they call upon besides Allâh, lest they should revile Allâh transgressingly (and) through lack of knowledge. Just We made their deeds fair-seeming to them so have We made to each people fairseeming what they do. Then to their Lord is their return, so He will inform them as to what they have been doing.
And they swear by Allâh their most solemn oaths that if there comes to them a (particular) sign they would invariably believe in it. Say, `´(Not to speak of a single sign) there are indeed many signs with Allâh, but what is there to assure you that when that (sign) comes, even then, they will not believe.´
We shall confound their hearts and their eyes, since they did not believe in it (-God´s signs) in the first instance, and We shall leave them alone wandering blindly in their transgression.
Even if We should send down the angels to them, and the dead should speak to them, and even if We should bring all things together face to face (to them), they would not believe unless Allâh had (enforced) His will. The thing is that most of them persist in ignorance.
And in the same manner have We made the evil ones from among (ordinary) human beings and the jinns enemies to every prophet; some of them suggest one to another gilded speech to beguile (them). Had your Lord (enforced) His will, they would not have done so; so leave them alone with what they forge;
And the result (of their so doing) is that the hearts of those who do not believe in the Hereafter are inclined to it (- their guile), and they take pleasure therein and they continue committing their (evil) deeds as they are doing.
(Say,) `What! shall I seek for a judge (to decide between us) other than Allâh, when it is He, Who has revealed to you this perfect Book clearly explained?´ And those to whom We have given this Book know that it is revealed by your Lord with all the requirements of truth and wisdom, so be not of the disputers.
The (prophetic) word of your Lord is bound to be fulfilled in truth and justice. There is no one who can change His words. He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.
Should you obey the majority of those on earth, they would lead you astray from Allâh´s way. They follow nothing but mere surmise and they do nothing but make conjectures.
Surely He, Your Lord, knows best who goes astray from His way; as He knows best the rightly guided.
So (do not follow those who go astray, and) eat of that over which the name of Allâh has been pronounced, if you are indeed believers in His Messages.
What reason have you that you do not eat of that over which Allâh´s name has been pronounced, whilst He has already explained to you the things He has forbidden to you, excepting that which you are constrained to (eat out of necessity). And surely many mislead (others) by following their own fancies due to lack of knowledge. Verily, your Lord knows best these transgressors.
Refrain from sin in form and its spirit (both). Verily, those who commit sins deliberately shall be repaid according to the deeds committed by them.
And do not eat of that on which Allâh´s name has not been pronounced, for it is the sure (product of) disobedience. Certainly, the evil ones suggest their friends to dispute with you, and if you obey them, you shall invariably become polytheists.
Can he, who was lifeless (before) and to whom We gave life and We provided for him a light whereby he moves about among the people, be like the person whose condition is (as one) consigned to thick darkness from whence he cannot emerge? Thus the deeds of the disbelievers are made fair-seeming to them (by satan);
Similarly have We made the leaders in every town the guilty ones, (because their doings seem fair to them) with the result that they intrigue therein; but little do they understand that, (as a matter of fact,) they intrigue only against themselves.
And when there comes to them a (Divine) Message they say, `We will never believe unless we ourselves are given the like of what has been given to the Messengers of Allâh.´ Allâh knows best whom to entrust His Messengership. Surely, humiliation and severe and disgraceful punishment from Allâh shall befall those who cut off their ties (with Him) because of their intrigues (against Our Prophets).
But as to whom Allâh intends to guide He opens his bosom to Islam and as to him whom He allows to go astray He makes his bosom close and constricted, so that he feels as though he were climbing up the heights. Just as Allâh does this He lays ignominy on those who do not believe.
And this path (of Islam) is an exact right path (leading) to your Lord. We have indeed explained the Messages (of truth) in detail for a people who would accept admonition.
There awaits with their Lord an abode of peace, and He is their Patron because of their (righteous) deeds.
Beware of the day when He will gather them all together (and say), `O multitude of jinn! you made a great many of the (ordinary) people subservient to yourselves (in disobedience).´ And their votaries from the people will say, `Our Lord! some of us benefited one from another but (at last) we have reached the end of the (appointed) term which You determined for us.´ He will then say, `The Fire is your lodging, therein to abide, unless Allâh wills (otherwise).´ Verily, your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing.
In the like manner do We let some of the unjust have power one over another because of their (wrongful) deeds.
`O multitude of jinn (- fiery natured, houghty) and (ordinary) peoples! did there come to you no Messengers from among yourselves who related to you My Messages and warned you that you would face this your day?´ They will say, `(Yes,) we bear witness against ourselves.´ And the present life has beguiled them. And they will bear witness against themselves (on that day) that they were disbelievers.
This (sending of the Messengers) is because your Lord destroys no township unjustly whilst their inhabitants are unwarned.
And for all are (fixed different) degrees (of rank) in accordance with their deeds. Your Lord is not at all unaware of what they do.
Your Lord is Self-Sufficient, Lord of mercy. If He will, He may do away with you (O disbelievers!) and replace you with such others as He will, just as He evolved you from the seeds of other people.
Verily, that punishment which you are promised must come to pass and you cannot frustrate (His plans).
Say, `O my people! go on working according to (the utmost of) your capacities and positions. Surely, I am doing (my best)! Soon you shall come to know for whom is the (best) reward of this abode.´ Anyhow, the wrong-doers never attain their goal.
They allocate to Allâh a portion out of what He has produced of the tillage and the cattle, and they say, `This is for Allâh,´ - according to their fancies - `and this is (set apart) for our gods (we associate with Allâh).´ Then what is for their associate-gods never goes over to Allâh, but what is (set apart) for Allâh does (often) go over to their associate-gods. How ill they judge!
Just (as their associate-gods turned the polytheists away from Allâh) so did they make (even so monstrous a deed as) the killing of their children seem fair to a large number of the polytheists, with the result that they ruin them and that they obscure for them their religion. And if Allâh had (enforced) His will they would not have done so, so leave them alone and that what they forge.
And they say (according to their fancies), `Such and such cattle and tillage are secure; (since their use is forbidden for others,) none shall eat them except whom we please.´ So they assert - there are some cattle whose backs have been forbidden (for use), and some cattle over which they would not pronounce the name of Allâh. (They do all this) forging a lie against Him (that such practices are by His will). Soon He will surely punish them for the lies they have forged.
They further say, `That (the young one) which is (living) in the womb of such and such cattle is exclusively reserved for our males and is forbidden to our spouses, but if it be still- born then they are (all) partakers of it.´ He will surely repay them with punishment for their (false) specification. Surely, He is All-Wise, All-Knowing.
Certainly, they suffer a loss (those) who kill their children in folly (and) ignorance, and forbid (themselves) what Allâh has provided for them; forging lies in the name of Allâh. They have indeed gone astray and they are not rightly guided.
And He it is Who evolved gardens trellised and untrellised, and the date-palms, and the cornfields whose produce and fruits are of diverse kinds and tastes, and oil producing plants, and pomegranates; similar (in kind) yet dissimilar (in variety). Eat of the fruit of each when it yields fruit, and render thereof His due (in charity) on the day of harvesting, and do not exceed the bounds. Verily, He loves not those who exceed the bounds.
(He it is Who created some) of the cattle for carrying burdens and some (like sheep and goat) are too low (to carry burdens but fit for slaughter). Eat of what Allâh has provided for you and do not follow in the footsteps of satan, for he is indeed an enemy disuniting you (from Allâh).
And (of cattle slaughtered for food, He has created) eight (heads in four) pairs, the pair of sheep, the pair of goats. Say, `Is it the two males He has made unlawful, or the two females, or is it that (young) which the wombs of the two females contain (which He has forbidden)? Expound to me (the case) with (sure) knowledge if you are in the right.´
And (He created) the pair of camels and the pair of cows. Say, `Is it the two males that He has made unlawful or the two females or is it that which the wombs of the two females contain (which He has forbidden)? Or were you present when Allâh enjoined this (unlawfulness and lawfulness) on you?´ Who is more unjust than he who forges a lie against Allâh deliberately that he may lead the people astray without having any knowledge. Verily, Allâh does not guide the unjust people.
Say, `I find nothing in what Allâh has revealed to me that forbids the people to eat anything except it be that which dies of itself, or blood poured forth, or flesh of swine; for (all) this is unclean, or (I find that thing forbidden) what is profane, which has been sacrificed in other than Allâh´s name, yet he who is constrained (to eat any of them), having no desire (for that) and having no intention to exceed the limit, (will find that) surely your Lord is Great Protector, Ever Merciful.
And as for those who judaised, We forbade them every animal having claws, We forbade them the fat of the oxen and that of the goats (and of the sheep) except that (fat) which their backs or entrails bear or which cleaves to a bone. That is how We punished them for their transgression; and We are always true to Our words.
And if they cry lies to you then say to them, `Your Lord is the Lord of All-Embracing Mercy; but His punishment cannot be averted from the guilty people.´
Now those who associate partners (with Allâh) say, `If Allâh had (so) willed we would not have associated partners (with Him), nor would have our forefathers, nor would we have made anything unlawful (of our own);´ just as (they deny you) their predecessors cried lies (to their apostles of God) until they suffered Our punishment. Say, `Have you any knowledge (about it)? Then present it before us. You follow naught but mere conjectures, and you do nothing but tell lies.´
Say, `Then with Allâh is the conclusive argument. Had He (enforced) His will, He would have surely guided you all.´
Say, `Bring your witnesses who can testify that Allâh has forbidden the thing (you forbid yourselves).´ Then supposing they testify this, do not bear them out, nor follow the caprice of those who treat Our Messages as lies and who do not believe in the Hereafter and who set up equals to their Lord.
Say, `Come, I will rehearse to you what your Lord has made binding on you; it is that you shall associate not any thing as partner with Him, and that you shall be good to parents, and that you waste not your children because of poverty. It is We Who make provisions for you as well for them too. (Allâh has also enjoined upon you that you) approach not indecencies, whether open or hidden, and that you kill no soul which Allâh has made sacred, except in the cause of justice.´ This has He enjoined you with, so that you may (learn to) abstain (from evil).
And (He has enjoined you) that you do not approach the property of an orphan except in the fairest manner; until he attains his maturity, and give full measure and weight with equity. We charge no soul except to its capacity, and that when you speak (giving your verdict), observe justice even though the person concerned be a relative (of yours), and fulfill the covenant (you made) with Allâh. That is what He enjoins upon you so that you may take heed,
And (the Lord says,) `This is My exact right path, so follow it, and follow not (diverse) ways, lest they should deviate you away from His (straight) way.´ That is what He enjoins you with, that you may guard against evil.
And behold! We gave Moses the Scripture to complete (Our favours) upon him who did good to others and is righteous, and to explain everything worth explaining and as a guidance and a mercy, so that the people may believe in that they will meet their Lord.
And (similarly) this is a (glorious) Book which We have revealed full of blessings, so follow it and guard against evil that you may be shown mercy.
(We have revealed this blessed Book) lest you should say, `The Book has only been revealed to two communities (- the Jews and the Christians) before us, and (as for us) we remained unaware of what those (Books) read.´
Or lest you should say, `Had the Book been revealed to us we would surely have been better guided than they.´ Now there has certainly come to you from your Lord (in the form of the Qur´ân) a clear evidence, an excellent guidance and a great mercy. Who then, is more unjust than he who cries lies to the revelations of Allâh and turns away from them? We will certainly award those who turn away from Our revelations an awful punishment, because of their having turned away.
Do they await only that the angels should come to them (with wars), or that (complete destruction from) your Lord should come (upon them), or that some of the signs of your Lord should visit them (with earthly calamities). The day when some of the signs of your Lord shall come, no soul, that did not believe earlier or accomplished some good deeds through (his) belief, will ever benefit by his faith. Say, `Wait, we too are waiting.´
Verily, those who have caused a split in their religion and became (divided into) sects you have no concern whatsoever with them. Their case will come before Allâh, then He will (judge it) and will fully inform them of what they have been doing.
Whosoever does good shall be repaid tenfold, but he who commits evil shall be recompensed only in proportion (to the evil done), and they shall not be dealt with unjustly.
Say, `As for me, surely my Lord has guided me to the exact straight path, the ever true faith, the creed of Abraham the upright, and he was not of the polytheists.´
Say, `Surely, my Prayer and my sacrifice and my living and my dying are (all) for the sake of Allâh, the Lord of the worlds.
No associate-partner has He, and so am I ordained, and I am the first of the submitting ones (to Allâh).´
Say, `Shall I seek a Lord other than Allâh whilst He is the Lord of all things?´ And no soul does anything (evil) but only against itself; no soul that bears a burden shall bear the burden of another. Then to your Lord is your return and He will fully inform you about that (truth) wherein you have been disagreeing.
And He it is Who has made you successors (of others and rulers) of the land, and He has exalted some of you over the others in degrees (of rank) so that He may try you by that which He has given you. Surely, your Lord is Quick at retribution; and He is all the same, Great Protector, Ever Merciful.